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lecture 4

Course Code
David Perley

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Rabbinical Judaism
Revelation and Interpretation
No longer be practiced
Ex. Ethnical behaviour cant go to temple but can form a group and human
behaviour (at least 10 males)
How community can be maintained
Lineage? Historically decending from Pharisees(in terms of Hellinistic Judaism, its
a sub group that developed, looking at 10 commandments and how to apply to
everyday life.
Christianity, a subset of Judaism are desperately trying to find its unique identity)
Rabbis: are not leaders, expects (clarifying the meaning of texts)
Rabbis and Pharisees? In terms of Hellenistic Judaism
Rabbinical Tradition: major focus is on interpretation
Revelation and Interpretation
codification of making scriptures; in order to preserve the tradition
old idea of permance comes from getting things done on paper
Written Toran:
- idea of coming revelation and collecting it into a book, and making an identity of it.
- a revision to the texts
-it is ongoing in 3 of these traditions
Islam: idea of closing the revelation (not changing), its a sense of been fixed book/scripture
The book of rabbis is called Midrash
It is the activities of interpretation, another word know as exegesis
Its the interpretation revealed of secret scriptures
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Oral Torah
At least 3dimensions, ex. I live my life according to Torah
Its the religious scriptures/ *Text
That Moses revelled orally and is memorized and recorded materially
Been Passed on through oral tradition
Mishnah+Gemara(supplementary interpretation)=Talmud
2 versions of Talmud:
Jeruslam Talmud and Babylonian Talmud
Babylonian Talmud
More popular and standardized text
Relates to Babylonian exile (after the return, some Jews stayed in Babylonia and
continued this tradition)
Done by Rabbinical Jews
Rabbinical educated scholars/Jews looking at the Hebrew bible and the Mishnah
and writing lots of essays and commentary about them
These essays and commentaries are defined as Gemara
Talmud is the second subsequent major text in the tradition acts as revelation
Contains multiple arguments/vast collections of different interpretations
Middle contains the primary text, around with arguments people added
Yellow part: original text (mission)
Around: arguments
*-interpretation is open for people to add on but the revelation is closed
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