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Final

FINAL EXAM REVIEW-an overview of the big concepts of the course that need to be known with a comprehensive explanation of terms and said concepts (A+ final grade)


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley
Study Guide
Final

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RLGAO2: FINAL EXAM STUDY FILE
MATERIAL FROM
QUIZ #1
PART A: TERMS: IDENTIFY AND DEMONSTRATE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF EACH TERM.
MIDRASH DIASPORA MENORAH EXODUS
PASSOVERTORAH RABBISABBATH
SYNAGOGUE
THEMES FROM PART B: SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONS:
1. COVENANT
2. MESSIAH
3. RABBINICAL JUDAISM
QUIZ 2:
PART A: TERMS: IDENTIFY AND DEMONSTRATE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF EACH TERM.
BAPTISMGLOSSOLALIAHIJRAH SACRAMENT
APOSTLES CREEDATONEMENT INDULGENCES
MYSTICISMTRINITY
THEMES FROM PART B: SHORT ESSAY QUESTIONS:
1. FOUR GOSPELS
2. EASTERN AND WESTERN CHRISTIANITY
3. PROTESTANT REFORMATION
TERMS FOR FINAL EXAM
Judaism:
APOCALYPTIC- -A genre of literature with coded symbolic visions and their interpretation,
often expecting an imminent battle to end the unrighteousness of the present. Flourished
in the Hellenistic Era mostly by the Essenes. This is also related to the belief of a messiah
where an anointed one or a military messenger will be sent (in a manner like an angel)
and lead the fight against the children of darkness at the end of time.
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BAR MITZVAH
EXILE - The deportation of Jewish leadership from Jerusalem to Mesopotamia by
conquering Babylonians in 586 BCE. A rupture of local Israelite political, ritual, and
agricultural institutions, it marks the transition from Israelite religion to Judaism. Related
to Diaspora.
GEMARAH- PAIRED WITH THE MISHNAH, MAKES THE TALMUD, A PRACTICE OF EXEGESIS IN
JUDAISM WHICH IS COMMENTARY ON THE TORAH OTHERWISE KNOWN AS THE ORAL TORAH. THE
GEMARA IS THE COMMENTARY
MINYAN
MISHNAH-WRITTEN ORAL TORAH SIMILAR TO THE HADITH IN ISLAM
PENTATEUCH The first five books of the Hebrew Bible ascribed by tradition to Moses, but
regarded by modern scholarship as the result of several centuries of later literary
activity. Five books are called Genesis, Numbers, Exodus, Deuteronomy and
Leviticus.
Genesis-Adam and Eve, Creation story, Tower of Babel, Noah’s Ark
Exodus- Moses story and the 10 commandments
Leviticus- Laws and priestly rituals
Numbers- numbering people?
Deuteronomy-Three sermons delivered by Moses and a renewal of the covenant between
God and children of Israel
SEDER
SEPTUAGINT
TEFILLIN
Christianity
BISHOP-The supervising priest of a district called a diocese. In some branches of
Christianity the bishop has charge of ordaining priests as well as confirming
baptisms.
CANON- A standard. A scriptural canon is the list of books acknowledged as
scripture. The list of acknowledged saints is likewise a canon. Canon law is the
accumulated body of Church regulations and discipline. Clergy subject to the rule
of a particular cathedral or congregation are also sometimes termed canons.
CRUCIFIX- A cross with the image of Jesus suffering mounted on it. The cross is
used in the Unitarian Church as they do not want any symbols depicting Jesus.
Both of these symbols came into popular use after Constantine and his allowance
and tolerance for the Christian religion to achieve stability in his empire.
EUCHARIST- The ritual re-enactment of Jesus’ sacrifice of himself, patterned after
his sharing of bread and wine as his body and blood at his final Passover meal
with his disciples. The orthodox term it liturgy, Catholics the mass and
Protestants, the Holy Communion or Lord’s Supper.
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LOGOS- word” in the sense of eternal divine intelligence and purpose, an idea
prominent in Greek thought at the time of Jesus. Related to the Pentecost.
NICENE CREED- An ancient doctrinal formulation longer and more explicit than the
Apostle’s Creed and still in use through regular recitation in the Catholic mass. The
apostle’s creed, a brief statement of Christian doctrinal belief dating from about the third
century but ascribed to the apostles or first-generation followers of Jesus, and often
recited in unison by congregations Describes their belief in God
PENTECOST- The fiftieth day after Easter, commemorated as the occasion when
Jesus followers experienced dramatically the presence of the Holy Spirit and the
ability to preach and be understood in different languages. Related to Glossolalia.
TRANSUBSTANTIATION- The Catholic doctrine that the bread and wine of the
Eucharist are at the moment of consecration in the service miraculously
transformed into the body and blood of Christ. Related to the Eucharist.
Islam:
Dhikr-“remembering” God’s name. In group devotional exercises. Sufis repeat in
in a rhythmic chant. The devotees often dance in a circle. Related to mysticism
and how Sufi’s stress that God is always there.
fana- “passing away” a supreme stage of ecstasy in the sufi mystical tradition.
fiqh- jurisprudence, process of human comprehension, interpretation and
codification of the shariah. Relates to the three ways to develop new laws
reasoning, analogy and consensus.
hadith-Texts containing traditional reports of Muhammad’s words and example,
taken by Muslims as a foundation for conduct and doctrine. A hadith is an
individual unit of literature, and the Hadith is the literature considered as a corpus.
Hajj- The annual pilgrimage to Makkah. Reflects the last pilgrimage Muhammad
took to Makkah to purify the Kabbah.
`Id al-Fitr- The holiday that celebrates breaking the month-long daylight fast at
the end of the Ramadan. The festival traditionally occurs following the actual
sighting of the new moon.
Ijma- The consensus of the community’s religio-legal scholars, used as a
principle for extending application of Islamic Law. Some schools made more
extensive use of it than others. A way to derive new laws from the holy scriptures.
Imamis- twelvers Shi’is who recognize as legitimate heirs to the Prophet’s
authority a succession of twelve imams, the last of who,, who is expected to
return as the Mahdi, has been in occultation since 874 They believe that he will
return with Jesus to restore justice on this world.
Jahiliyah- Ignorance or barbarism, a Muslim term characterizing Arabia before
Islam as unredeemed before the preaching of the Qur’anic message. Muhammad
as the revivifier of the faith as Abraham was the first Muslim.
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