RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Edwin Schal, Indulgence, Lahn

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17 Apr 2012
Niro Rahu
March 7th, 2011
Religions Western Traditions: CHRISTIANITY
Lecture 05, 06 and 07
Jesus in the Gospel
The very beginning of the Christianity took place in Judaism
Israel is part of the Roman Empire
Anti-Roman sentiment in the region, especially after the destruction of the second temple
The Apocalyptic hope is really strong because Christianity evolves from the apocalypse from Judaism
Apocalypse is the absolute final thing, unveiling (revelation); idea of situation is so bad need radical
End time of apocalypse, is the beginning of new time
Apocalypse: Desperate hope that someone is going to save us from the bad times
Idea of Apocalyptic: the end is going happen soon because there is no time; which people must act
according and seek forgiveness ASAP
Scholars and devotes of Christianity observe the life Jesus very differently
Sources to understand Jesus: The GOSPELS
Why are there are Four Gospels?
o There are four different versions of Jesus
o There are four versions because there is no more of gospel being the dominant source of Jesus.
o Jesus’s disciples are the founders of the Gospels or their descendants; earliest communities
that were surrounded by these people
Mosaic: pieces of glass are fused together; pieces that have connection between them
Mosaic of Jesus: each of the interpretation bleed into each other; all the interpretations participate together
Notion of God’s love, especially Jesus cruxification
Christianity based on Two Commandments:
1. Love for God
2. Love for other Human Beings (Love for One’s Neighbours)
Notion of Messiah
Messiah is not spiritual ruler to right wrongs, Messiah is not one localized savior but worldwide
savior; a spiritual kingdom
Divine Love and Mercy that triggers God to represent him/herself to the world
Key Theoretical Component of Judaism and How Islam Grows After: Jesus retains his humanity but is
a divine being
Jesus is equally divine being and human; it is a paradox
Born and grew up as a Jew, thus Jesus participates in Judaism
However Jesus was a radical thinker
Missionary Religion: it would be mean, a message that has to broadcast
o Message in the Three Traditions: spreading the message and seeing the numbers grow
o Number=Power: more and more people doing God’s will; more support for your perspective
If it keeps growing in number then it becomes TRUE
However Judaism is not trying to gain power through conversions, because it is not a
Missionary Religion
The Story of Pentecost: Jesus has been cruxified and disciples have no idea what to do, tongues of fire
electrocute the disciples from sprit of God; now disciples can speak many language thus spread the word
The Hebrew Bible
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Tower of Babel Story: Group of people are going to build thus tower, they are building this tower that is
going to reach the heaven; thus shows human ignorance thus God eliminates the communication among
Paul: characterized as the founder of Christianity; Paul and the letters he wrote were so pivotal of founding
the Church; and assured consistency of practice among the Christianity communities
Suggesting Christianity can be religion for gentile or Jews, you did not have to be Jewish to practice
Many people were Greeks who joined Christianity, therefore the language became Greek; makes it
more accessible
Christianity emerge as non Jewish religion among gentile population
Paul stress less of what Jesus did daily and tried to focus more on the nature of Jesus such as sacfrice
of Jesus for the sinners
As humans we are broken creatures whom sin, Paul says that’s how we are but it is not a bad thing,
God accepts us the way we are
Jesus focused less on law and more about “getting my inner state in the right relationship with the
Moses perceives the law and follow the commandments; Christianity says follow the commandments
but also follow Jesus
Paul: “My faith in Jesus as a redeemer”
Jesus is a Cosmic Messiah because he is a redeemer
Sin is a major problem that calls for a solution
The Garden of Eden Story: In Christianity the Adam and Eve story becomes more symbolic as in we all have
inherited the sin from Adam and Eve
Therefore we need something to remove it
Testament: Covenant or contract; Jesus is a new contract
Jews don’t claim the old testament as OLD
Hebrew Bible says that is a revelation by Moses
Gospel writers are inspired by the Divine and Jesus is the revelation; expressed through a person but
through ideas and beliefs
Christianity develop, has various ideas towards the testament
The Scripture is infoulable; status of divinely inspired, it cannot have any errors
Literalism: the words in this document are literally true meaning the context from this book is factually true.
Thus, Christians believe the New Testament tells the true history.
SCHOLARS FOCUS: The Gospels is document collected by the community; learn about the community at that
time rather than focusing about whether God actually wrote/said these things in the Bible
The Gospels: authors of the Bible by not eye witnesses; thus based on oral tradition
Jesus The Disciples Friends and Family of Disciple Community
Evangelical: from Greek word; “Good News”
During the second century they began to organize the real books from Matthew, Mark, Luke and John
Peter: in Gospel of Peter, it claimed Jesus did not die on the crucifix thus did not make the cut
The New Testament is written in Greek, which made the religion more accessible to the gentile
The first three gospels are synoptic, the three gospels have strong similarities in telling the story of
In Mark: refers to Jesus as savior of gentiles
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