RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Babylonian Captivity, Rabbinic Judaism, Oral Torah

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Published on 14 Mar 2016
School
UTSC
Department
Religion
Course
RLGA02H3
Professor
RLGA02 MIDTERM REVIEW
KEY TERMS:
1. Diaspora:
Occurred during the 586 BCE when the kingdom of Judea was conquered by the
Babylonians
Destroyed the first temple and many Jews were exiled
Scattering of Hebrew inhabitants all over the Middle East or the Babylonian
2. Exile:
Period in Judaic history when a number of Jews from the ancient kingdom of Judah were
captives in Babylonia
The exile was about 40 years
ended when King Cyrus of Persia allowed them back in their homeland/ Israel
3. Gemarah:
supplementary interpretation of all Mishnah
this along with mishnah make up talmud
4. Halakah:
Jewish legal system→ 1565 CE
created to make Talmud accessible and applicable
5. Menorah:
symbol of God’s approval→ when the second temple was reconstructed, there was only
enough oil to last a day but it lasted 8 days, to remember this approval and miracle from
God, hanukkah is celebrated
ancient candelabra (7 branches) [hanakiah has 8 candles and a centre one]
6. Messiah:
messenger of God, who is sent to restore justice and peace
usually a king or a ruler
Cyrus the Persian ruler was considered one as well, although it was out of the norm to
have non-Jewish or Hebrew messiahs, he was the one who ended the exile and allowed
the Jews to practice their own religion→ more flexible
First followers of Jesus wanted a Messiah to clear the injustice upon Israel believed; few
days later Jesus was resurrected and they believed he was indeed the Messiah
7. Mishnah:
oral torah (additional tales, similar to hadiths in islam) which are written down later on
completed in 200CE
this along with gemarah make up talmud
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8. Pentateuch:
consists of the first 5 books of Moses
is also referred to as Torah
Consists of TANAKH (torah, nevi’im, and ketuvim
hebrew (origin)
9. Rabbi:
religious leader in the Jewish religion
10. Sabbath:
a day of rest (7th day)
11. Synagogue:
jewish place of worship
it was created after diaspora of the Jews, during and after the Babylonian exile
a practice of Jews coming together and interpreting text and following other aspects of
religion (absence of Rabbi)
enforced unity and a sense of belonging→ avoid persecution
analyzing text
12. Tanakh:
structure of the hebrew bible (acronym for the 3 parts)
consists of the Torah, the Prophets (nevi’im, and the writings (Ketuvim)
origin of the word: Hebrew
13. Christ
origin of word: Greek. The title give to Jesus of Nazareth. It is a New Testament
term used for Messiah. It is applied to Jesus. As Christ he has 3 offices: Prophet,
priest and king.As prophet he is the mouthpiece of God, as priest he represents
the people to God and he has the right to rule
14. Logos: Origin of word: Greek.
seen in the Gospel of John
it’s the divine word or message of God
ex: “god said let there be light, and there was light”
connected to Jesus (Jesus is the Word made flesh)
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*NOTE: 70CE- Romans destroy the second temple and destroy jerusalem (this may be a
m/c question
Sample M/C
1. The closest synonym for “Pentateuch” would be:
a. Torah b. Tanakh c. Mishnah d. Mitzvah
2. Following the fall of the Babylonian Empire, the majority of Jews
A. Returned to Jerusalem and focused on the Temple
B. Remained in Babylonia
C. Travelled to Egypt
D. Wandered in the desert for 40 years
ESSAY TOPICS:
1. Provide an overview to the issues related to defining religion and be sure to identify how
religion is ultimately defined in the reading. In addition, identify which of the following
definitions is substantive and which is functional and be sure to explain why they are
either substantive and/or functional, as well as why these definitions might be limited in
specific ways.
Paul Tillich (1959): Religion, in the largest and most basic sense of the word, is ultimate
concern [Religion] gives us the experience of the Holy, of something which is
untouchable, awe-inspiring, an ultimate meaning, the source of ultimate courage.
Talcott Parsons (1952): A religion we will define as a set of beliefs, practices, and
institutions which men have evolved in various societies, as far as they can be
understood, as responses to those aspects of their life and situation which are believed
not in the empirical–instrumental sense to be rationally understandable and/or
controllable, and to which they attach a significance which includes some kind of
reference to the relevant actions and events to man’s conception of the existence of the
‘‘supernatural’ order which is conceived and felt to have a fundamental bearing on man’s
position in the universe and the values which give meaning to his fate as an individual
and his relations to his fellows.
oTalcott Parsons: Functional
oPaul Tillich : Substantive
2. Describe Temple Religion, religion in the Babylonian Exile, and the emergence of the
rabbinical movement. Focus on both textual and ritual and/or ethical actions of the
community and how they change. someone edit this pls--- I edited a bit not sure if its
all correct though
Jews used to pray mainly in a temple and participate in weekly practices
The temple was the only place practices and rites could be carried out as it had the Arc
of Covenant
Solomon’s wife started bringing other idols into the temple
othe split of the North and South Kingdom was seen as a punishment for
worshipping more than one God
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Document Summary

Occurred during the 586 bce when the kingdom of judea was conquered by the. Destroyed the first temple and many jews were exiled. Scattering of hebrew inhabitants all over the middle east or the babylonian: exile: Period in judaic history when a number of jews from the ancient kingdom of judah were captives in babylonia. The exile was about 40 years ended when king cyrus of persia allowed them back in their homeland/ israel: gemarah: supplementary interpretation of all mishnah this along with mishnah make up talmud, halakah: God, hanukkah is celebrated ancient candelabra (7 branches) [hanakiah has 8 candles and a centre one: messiah: Messenger of god, who is sent to restore justice and peace usually a king or a ruler. It is a new testament term used for messiah. *note: 70ce- romans destroy the second temple and destroy jerusalem (this may be a m/c question.

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