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Final

Judaism Textbook Notes for Final Exam

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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Hebrew Bible:
Biblical collections of proverbs attributed to Solomon
For orthodox community, it was at Sinai that entire corpus of the five books was
given, from story of creation to the farewell address of Moses before he dies at the
threshold of the promised land directly from God to Moses
Ten Commandments emphasize human social responsibilities (as does Book of
Covenant, the extended law code that follows the commandments)
Priestly narrators portray Moses as an intermediary between God and the people
Jean Astruc was first to suggest that the Pentateuch might be a composition creation
his reasoning was based on the different terms used to identify God and he
theorized that an author who used the title Yahweh had his work mixed up with an
individual who used the term Elohim.
oJulius Wellhausen articulated theory of four major blocks of material in the
Pentateuch (Documentary Hypothesis)
oYahwist, or J, emphasized southern localities and the role of Abraham, is
thought to have worked in the s.kingdom of Judea beginning before the
divisions of the kingdoms in 10th cen. BCE.
oElohist, or E, wrote in the n.kingdom after its separation starting during the
9th cen. BCE and emphasized northern local traditions refers to sacred
mountain as Horeb (not Sinai) and to the people displaced by the Israelites as
Amorites rather than Canaanites. God more awesome for E than J and
covenant relationship not as nationalistic
oIn many place, J and E become JE (i.e., usage of the term the LORD God”)
oAuthor of Deuteronomy is the D source central on rewards-and-
punishments theology of national morality
oP (priestly source) was late contribution to the body of writings that make up
Pentateuch voice that developed independently around 586 BCE when
Temple was destroyed (suggested by the elaborate blueprint of the Temple
and its surroundings if it was standing at the time, such a description
would not be needed)
TANAKH
oTorah (law), Nevi’im (prophets), Ketuvim (writings)
Sacred History:
Liberal wing of Judaism accepts modern historical principles and reserves the right
to question the historical accuracy (myth, legend, and history) and traditional wing
of Judaism believes every word to be literally true
Earliest reference to Israel in secular historical records is in 13th cen. means they
were identifiable to others as the people Israel by this time
First eleven chapters in the Genesis describe the primeval history of the universe
and the background that explains why had to choose a specific people and establish
a covenant with them to convey his ideas to humans
oReligious traditionalists try to smooth over the inconsistencies in the Bible:
Chapter 1 god creates heaven and hell by dividing light from darkness
(author of Isaiah says that He created light and darkness in order to
distinguish between the teachings of the Hebrews and those of the
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Zoroastrians); chapter 2 god causes mist to arise from the ground out of
which vegetation sprouts --- Modern biblical scholars see these
inconsistencies as clues to composition of text
Chapter 1 ascribed to priestly source, chapter 2 = JE, Deuteronomy =
d narrative
Adam and Eve = The Primal Couple
oThey do not lack intelligence or understanding before they eat the forbidden
fruit, they lack moral sense and the ability to make moral decisions tree is
not tree of knowledge, it is the tree of knowledge of good and evil
oIn contrast to the Christian belief, the couples transgression was not so
disastrous for humanity it taught us moral capacity (in Christianity,
original sin)
Noah, his ark, the animals, and the flood
oStory of the flood was universal in the mythologies in Mesopotamia gods
caused the floods because they are disturbed by din of human life however, in
Hebrew Bible, motive is moral: to punish the evil that humans have
perpetrated and clear the way for a fresh start
In Genesis 12, God chooses Abraham to serve as example of a righteous life
oCovenant (berith): Abraham asks for assurance that divine promise will be
fulfilled and God instructs him to bring various animals and he cuts them
and lays each half on the other and, when the sun goes down, he passed a
torch through the animals which signifies that God has sworn a solemn oath
--- this practice of cutting animals and placing them over each other is
believed to reflect the treaty-making practices of the ancient Near East.
oGenesis 22, God calls on Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac (in Islam,
Ishmael) as a burnt offering and at the last moment, angel intercedes and
tells him to sacrifice animal instead
Significant in two ways: indicates Gods opposition to human sacrifice
practiced by the Canaanites and also justified the building of the
Temple on Mount Moriah (where the sacrifice was to take place)
Moses = leader and lawgiver in Exodus
oNarratives place him at the head of a migration from Egypt (descendants of
Abraham are sent to Egypt and after 400 years of oppression are led home by
Moses)
oExodus, chapter 3 = Moses has a vision of God as a flame in a bush that
burns without being consumed and he identifies himself as God of
patriarchal lineage and gives the name, YHWH commemorate their
participation in the Exodus story during Passover
oDuring 40 years under Moses rule in wilderness, legal foundations of
Israelite society are laid Moses meets God at Mt. Sinai and ten
commandments as core of Israels law
oAaron = archetypal priest in absence of Temple, he institutes worship in
Tabernacle and in there is the Ark of the Covenant (throne for Gods invisible
presence (Golden calf statue erection occurs here)
Proceed from nomadic life to settled life starting from Joshua
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Description
Hebrew Bible: Biblical collections of proverbs attributed to Solomon For orthodox community, it was at Sinai that entire corpus of the five books was given, from story of creation to the farewell address of Moses before he dies at the threshold of the promised land directly from God to Moses Ten Commandments emphasize human social responsibilities (as does Book of Covenant, the extended law code that follows the commandments) Priestly narrators portray Moses as an intermediary between God and the people Jean Astruc was first to suggest that the Pentateuch might be a composition creation his reasoning was based on the different terms used to identify God and he theorized that an author who used the title Yahweh had his work mixed up with an individual who used the term Elohim. o Julius Wellhausen articulated theory of four major blocks of material in the Pentateuch (Documentary Hypothesis) o Yahwist, or J, emphasized southern localities and the role of Abraham, is thought to have worked in the s.kingdom of Judea beginning before the divisions of the kingdoms in 10 cen. BCE. o Elohist, or E, wrote in the n.kingdom after its separation starting during the th 9 cen. BCE and emphasized northern local traditions refers to sacred mountain as Horeb (not Sinai) and to the people displaced by the Israelites as Amorites rather than Canaanites. God more awesome for E than J and covenant relationship not as nationalistic o In many place, J and E become JE (i.e., usage of the term the LORD God) o Author of Deuteronomy is the D source central on rewards-and- punishments theology of national morality o P (priestly source) was late contribution to the body of writings that make up Pentateuch voice that developed independently around 586 BCE when Temple was destroyed (suggested by the elaborate blueprint of the Temple and its surroundings if it was standing at the time, such a description would not be needed) TANAKH o Torah (law), Neviim (prophets), Ketuvim (writings) Sacred History: Liberal wing of Judaism accepts modern historical principles and reserves the right to question the historical accuracy (myth, legend, and history) and traditional wing of Judaism believes every word to be literally true Earliest reference to Israel in secular historical records is in 13 cen. means they were identifiable to others as the people Israel by this time First eleven chapters in the Genesis describe the primeval history of the universe and the background that explains why had to choose a specific people and establish a covenant with them to convey his ideas to humans o Religious traditionalists try to smooth over the inconsistencies in the Bible: Chapter 1 god creates heaven and hell by dividing light from darkness (author of Isaiah says that He created light and darkness in order to distinguish between the teachings of the Hebrews and those of the www.notesolution.com
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