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class study guide

8 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Contemporary Judaism
Two ways to culturally divide Jews in a contemporary context
Jews from Ashkenazim- northern eastern Europe and Sephardim- mediatterean and
middle east
One way to analyze and dissect Judaism
Different perspectives temperaments and viewpoints affect how you participate in
tradition the rituals you practice and the accessibility that is there for the rituals differ
Two primary orthodox and reform and they form two polar ends of a spectrum
Reform: Modern form of Judaism, undergone radical changes, woman ordained rabbis,
girls started practicing Bar Mitzvahs
Orthodox: not a formalized ritual and not in the tradition for a female to celebrate a bar
mitzvah but have got a way to celebrate it
In the modern world it would be nice to give people equal chance but its not a part of
the tradition
Majority of Jews that live in Israel are secular, not incredibly religious those holding
political power come from orthodox or ulster orthodox
Even if majority of Jews are secular they are in a political sense give power to orthodox;
if they have political power they have Jews interests in mind; they hold the line and
keep an eye out for them
Zionism- recovery of Jerusalem is part of salvation history of Judaism
Not all Jews believe that not even orthodox Jews
Even though orthodox Jews have political majority they dont see Israel as a Zionist
state that they have to have for their religion
Some of the first Zionists were secular- not really religious they thought they had to get
the land to redeem Jewish history
Christianity: in an american context
America as a location has always had religious connotations affiliated with it
www.notesolution.com
The first settlers- werent the first people to get here but the earliest settlers were very
religious and believed that they were coming to a place new opportunity to create a
perfect Christian community
They leave England because they think its too weak and watered down
America is gods country- it was so Christianise the continent
Basically treated as sub-human; goal was heres a wild unchristian place were going to
bring god to this place
The mission that was informing people as they come and settle
Protoevangelicisim- coming out of protestant group and places more emphasize on
direct power of Jesus
Historically it developed both in England and in the states through what is called circuit
preachers
They would ravel and each day arrive at a different place set up a tent and conduct a
sermon
People would cry laugh scream the were good and pulling out emotion from audience
This carves out an important component of Christianity in the states.
Social gospel movement originated in urban areas and poverty alcohol addiction were all
issues for social gospel and the Christian belief was that no one is getting saved until
the community is getting saved
For them it was hypocritical to be a Christian hoping for salvation while others were in
poverty
The social gospel comes from the 19th century forsure
Fundamentalism- its a word that has a very specific history
As scholars we need to be careful as to how we take terms from one source and apply it
to other sources
British English and american context
1911 a pamphlet called the fundamentals was written
Critique of the status co- not satisfied
www.notesolution.com
The bible was the beginning and end of the tradition- all the stud that happened
between Jesus and the modern world was irrelevant
Radical Islam- desire to go back to some pure form of the tradition that hasnt been
complicated by history
Fundamentalism- its a caricature
Focuses on the importance of the family and not buying into homosexuality same sex
marriage etc
Extremists, radical- irrational over the top
Applied to all different kinds of religions
The danger is we dont want to look at other religions in the world through categories
Islam: in a modern context we talk about how people react to the modern situation
This also means how much authority does the modern have for this person and how
much authority does the past have
The more authority the past has I will be more traditional the more authority the
modern world has the more modern I will be
Attitude towards change- modernists either for change or willing to change
The traditional perspective can include a rejection of the modern and that the modern
world is irrelevant to the timeless eternal requirements in a religion
Peter Berger and Harvey coxx
These are two scholars who have talked about modernity but they have both done work
in religion
The religious people might see the modern world as being a problem
Issue of abstraction: Perception that we become disconnected from our past communities
families
Our lives feel somehow cut off in this modern world- a search for meaning is lacking in a
modern world
A focus on the future- a modern perspective tends to really have a future orientation
rather than a past orientation
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Contemporary Judaism Two ways to culturally divide Jews in a contemporary context Jews from Ashkenazim- northern eastern Europe and Sephardim- mediatterean and middle east One way to analyze and dissect Judaism Different perspectives temperaments and viewpoints affect how you participate in tradition the rituals you practice and the accessibility that is there for the rituals differ Two primary orthodox and reform and they form two polar ends of a spectrum Reform: Modern form of Judaism, undergone radical changes, woman ordained rabbis, girls started practicing Bar Mitzvahs Orthodox: not a formalized ritual and not in the tradition for a female to celebrate a bar mitzvah but have got a way to celebrate it In the modern world it would be nice to give people equal chance but its not a part of the tradition Majority of Jews that live in Israel are secular, not incredibly religious those holding political power come from orthodox or ulster orthodox Even if majority of Jews are secular they are in a political sense give power to orthodox; if they have political power they have Jews interests in mind; they hold the line and keep an eye out for them Zionism- recovery of Jerusalem is part of salvation history of Judaism Not all Jews believe that not even orthodox Jews Even though orthodox Jews have political majority they dont see Israel as a Zionist state that they have to have for their religion Some of the first Zionists were secular- not really religious they thought they had to get the land to redeem Jewish history Christianity: in an american context America as a location has always had religious connotations affiliated with it www.notesolution.com
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