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ISLAM DEFINITIONS

2 Pages
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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Dhikr: remembering god’s name chanted in the Sufi devotional exercises sometimes while
devotees dance in a circle. It is held before dawn or evening prayers. It consists of the repetition
of Allahs name or the shahadah. This practice distinguishes the Suf is from other forms of
Muslim. It is a highly emotional ritual that stirs devotees into a state of frenzy. In other for ms of
Sufism it is silent and an inward prayer of the heart
Hadith: the body of texts repor ting Muhammad’s words and example, taken by the Muslims as a
foundation for conduc t and doctrine; it is an individual unit of literature. They have to go back to
an eyewitness of the event. It is through chains of oral transmission. Impor tant context of the
Sunnah because it is the direction expression of the prophets opinions or judgements regarding
community conduct. It is to ascertain the authenticity of a particular text by establishing the
completeness of the chain of its transmission and veracity of its transmitters. It must be
accompanied by its chain of transmission beginning with compiler or last transmitter and going
back to the prophet.
Hajj: the annual pilgrimage to Mecca. It is the f ifth Islamic pillar and it was instituted by
Abraham at gods command after he and his son Ishmael were ordered to build the Ka’bah. It is
re-enacting the experiences of Abraham whom the Quraan declares to be the father of the
prophets and the first true Muslim. The pilgrims change their clothing into simple white clot hes
therefore there is no class distinctions. It happens in the 12
th
month of the Islamic calendar. They
perform tawaf and run t hrough hthe hill of safa and marwa the two hills Abrahams wife did in
order to receive water. Another practice is that they stand at Arafat till sunset as if standing before
God for judgment on the last day. A person who sincerely perfor ms hajj is removed of all their
sins as on the day when he or she was born. It is like a form of rebirth and it makes a new stage
in life for Muslims.
Ijma: the consensus of religion-legal scholars one of the two secondary pr inciples used in
jurisprudence some legal schools give it more weight than ot hers. It refers to the community’s
acceptance and suppor t of applied sharia. It has encouraged active exchange of ideas among the
scholars of the carious schools at least during t he for mative period of Islamic law.
Id: the holiday celebrating the end of the Ramadan fast; the festival traditionally begins following
the sighting of the new moon.
Imams: Shias who recognize twelve imams as legitimate heirs to the prophets authority the last
in occultation since 874 as accepted to return some day as the Mahdi
Qiblah: the direction of prayer marked in the mosque by a niche inside the wall nearest Mecca
Shahdah: The Muslim profession of faith in God as the only God and in Muhammad as god’s
prophet
Shaykh: t he Arabic term for a senior master; in the context of Sufism. They are the ones that
established early Sufi fraternities. They were institutions located in urban centres. They are
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Description
Dhikr: remembering gods name chanted in the Sufi devotional exercises sometimes while devotees dance in a circle. It is held before dawn or evening prayers. It consists of the repetition of Allahs name or the shahadah. This practice distinguishes the Sufis from other forms of Muslim. It is a highly emotional ritual that stirs devotees into a state of frenzy. In other forms of Sufism it is silent and an inward prayer of the heart Hadith: the body of texts reporting Muhammads words and example, taken by the Muslims as a foundation for conduct and doctrine; it is an individual unit of literature. They have to go back to an eyewitness of the event. It is through chains of oral transmission. Important context of the Sunnah because it is the direction expression of the prophets opinions or judgements regarding community conduct. It is to ascertain the authenticity of a particular text by establishing the completeness of the chain of its transmission and veracity of its transmitters. It must be accompanied by its chain of transmission beginning with compiler or last transmitter and going back to the prophet. Hajj: the annual pilgrimage to Mecca. It is the fifth Islamic pillar and it was instituted by Abraham at gods command after he and his son Ishmael were ordered to build the Kabah. It is re-enacting the experiences of Abraham whom the Quraan declares to be the father of the prophets and the first true Muslim. The pilgrims change theithclothing into simple white clothes therefore there is no class distinctions. It happens in the 12
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