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Christianity notes

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Department
Religion
Course Code
RLGA02H3
Professor
David Perley

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Chapter 4: Christian Traditions pg 166-185
Origins-Jesus
Childhood home was in Nazareth; tiny jewish village in Greek-speaking
northern area called Galilee
His public years begin with his baptism by John the Baptist; he sees
the heavens open and holy spirit descending like a dove
oInterprets this mystical vision as call to prophecy or ministry he
retreats into the wilderness on a spiritual retreat
oSatan offers many temptations all of which he refuses
On return from retreat jesus goes to Capernaum where Mary is
oNo reason for leaving Nazareth, may have had something to do
with the death of his father, Joseph
oAttends a synagogue where he reads the Torah; passage
speaks of a time when the lame will walk the blind will see; he
declares this prophecy is now fulfilled
Jesus recruits 12 male disciplines most are fishermen
Travels Carpernaum working miracles and teaching how to apply
Jewish law to everyday life, and telling parables, many which point to
impending apocalypse that will lead to new era of peace and
righteousness calls Kingdom of God
When he goes to Jerusalem w/disciples for holy days around
Passover, accuses money changers of cheating rate charged to
exchange Greek/Roman coins for required Hebrew coins to make
offerings
oOn Sunday before Passover fulfills another prophecy by riding
into town on a donkey
oFew days later praying in garden in Jerusalem, arrested by
roman soldiers and servants of temple priests
oTaken 1st before the Sanhedrin and then before Roman
governor, Pontius Pilate, Jesus accused of perverting the
people and claiming to be king of the Jews
oParaded thru streets of Jerusalem to place of execution, hill
called Gogotha, nailed to a cross and left to die
oMorning following the Sabbath women go to the tomb and found
it empty
In 1 account an angel tells women that God raised him
from the dead
In other accounts he appears to the disciplines himself
www.notesolution.com
Jesus called himself “son of man”; in Aramaic this was the term for
human but also one of the terms used in Hebrew literature to refer to
agent of God who will usher in new era of justice & righteousness
o“son of manis not synonym for “messiahbut has similar
connotations, Christians saw him as long-awaited messiah
oGreek term christos used as synonym for “messiahso
became known as Jesus the Christ
The Gospels and Jesus
In Marks’ account, a Roman solider standing by Jesus who is taking
final breath says “truly this was a son of God
oFitting that Mark attributes this comment to roman soldier
instead of Jesus follower; Christian movement grew beyond its
origins as Jewish sect
w/in generation of his death his followers decided the message wasnt
just for Jews and that anyone can become Christian
in the accounts of Jesus life <known as Gospels-Greek evangel=good
news> he performs miracles
3 centuries later when Christianity became established religion of
Roman Empire, church leaders made list of the writings they
acknowledged as “scripture
othat standard list, or canon, of books and letters became known
as the New Testament
oincludes the gospels attributed to 4 of Jesus disciples: Matthew,
Mark, Luke and John
Mark
oMark’s account is simplest, shortest and likely the earliest of the
four canonical gospels
Starts with Jesus birth and beginning of his mature
ministry after his baptism by John the Baptist
After 40 day retreat, he launches his ministry in Galilee
proclaiming kingdom of god is at ahnd
Violates the Sabbath law by picking grain and healing on
the day of rest
When challenged he takes notion of Jewish legal
authority into his own hands, declaring the
Sabbath is made for people rather than people for
the Sabbath
It is in response to this arrogance, Mark suggests,
that the Pharisees conspired to do away with him
www.notesolution.com
Selects group of 12 (sign.# in Hebrew symbolizes
complete set); finally goes to Jerusalem with entrouage
shouting “Hosanna(cry for divine deliverance in Hebrew
prayer) and proclaims the coming of a king in the line of
Hebrew founder, David
In the 1 week in Jerusalem he fights with authority,
celebrates Passover w/disciples betrayed by Judas and
is arrested
Brought to trial before Pilate jesus doesnt deny he
is king of the Jews
Executed on the cross, crying out a Hebrew psalm
“My God, why have you forsaken me?
His body placed in tomb sealed by large rock on
Friday the day before the Sabbath
After Sabbath 3 women go to tomb to find stone
rolled away and body missing
Figure appears to dem and tells dem Jesus
risen from the dead and will meet
w/disciples
Luke
oLukes account contains 2 chapters of material not found in
Mark, detailing events before Jesus adult baptism and ministry,
including visions anticipating the birth of John the Baptist as well
as that of Jesus
oReports his birth in Bethlehem, describes shepherds in the
fields, informed of birth of messiah by angels, come and pay
respects to the infant
Luke doesnt mention wise men however the magi
(Persian=priests) are in Matthew
oWhere Marks account is understood that Jesus embarked on
his ministry following adult baptism, Lukes version emphasizes
that Jesus was born into his role destined for it
oThe signs and portents recounted by Luke would appeal to
gentiles and Jews
Luke appears to have had a greek readership in mind for
the gospel is addressed to Theophilus—greek name=one
who loves God—and he presents his Jewish saviour as
being important to the gentile world
oLuke offers more than Mark about the trial & crucifixion
The charge against Jesus was that in claiming kingship,
he was inciting rebellion
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 4: Christian Traditions pg 166-185 Origins-Jesus Childhood home was in Nazareth; tiny jewish village in Greek-speaking northern area called Galilee His public years begin with his baptism by John the Baptist; he sees the heavens open and holy spirit descending like a dove o Interprets this mystical vision as call to prophecy or ministry he retreats into the wilderness on a spiritual retreat o Satan offers many temptations all of which he refuses On return from retreat jesus goes to Capernaum where Mary is o No reason for leaving Nazareth, may have had something to do with the death of his father, Joseph o Attends a synagogue where he reads the Torah; passage speaks of a time when the lame will walk the blind will see; he declares this prophecy is now fulfilled Jesus recruits 12 male disciplines most are fishermen Travels Carpernaum working miracles and teaching how to apply Jewish law to everyday life, and telling parables, many which point to impending apocalypse that will lead to new era of peace and righteousness calls Kingdom of God When he goes to Jerusalem wdisciples for holy days around Passover, accuses money changers of cheating rate charged to exchange GreekRoman coins for required Hebrew coins to make offerings o On Sunday before Passover fulfills another prophecy by riding into town on a donkey o Few days later praying in garden in Jerusalem, arrested by roman soldiers and servants of temple priests o Taken 1 before the Sanhedrin and then before Roman governor, Pontius Pilate, Jesus accused of perverting the people and claiming to be king of the Jews o Paraded thru streets of Jerusalem to place of execution, hill called Gogotha, nailed to a cross and left to die o Morning following the Sabbath women go to the tomb and found it empty In 1 account an angel tells women that God raised him from the dead In other accounts he appears to the disciplines himself www.notesolution.com Jesus called himself son of man; in Aramaic this was the term for human but also one of the terms used in Hebrew literature to refer to agent of God who will usher in new era of justice & righteousness o son of man is not synonym for messiah but has similar connotations, Christians saw him as long-awaited messiah o Greek term christos used as synonym for messiah so became known as Jesus the Christ The Gospels and Jesus In Marks account, a Roman solider standing by Jesus who is taking final breath says truly this was a son of God o Fitting that Mark attributes this comment to roman soldier instead of Jesus follower; Christian movement grew beyond its origins as Jewish sect win generation of his death his followers decided the message wasnt just for Jews and that anyone can become Christian in the accounts of Jesus life he performs miracles 3 centuries later when Christianity became established religion of Roman Empire, church leaders made list of the writings they acknowledged as scripture o that standard list, or canon, of books and letters became known as the New Testament o includes the gospels attributed to 4 of Jesus disciples: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John Mark o Marks account is simplest, shortest and likely the earliest of the four canonical gospels Starts with Jesus birth and beginning of his mature ministry after his baptism by John the Baptist After 40 day retreat, he launches his ministry in Galilee proclaiming kingdom of god is at ahnd Violates the Sabbath law by picking grain and healing on the day of rest When challenged he takes notion of Jewish legal authority into his own hands, declaring the Sabbath is made for people rather than people for the Sabbath It is in response to this arrogance, Mark suggests, that the Pharisees conspired to do away with him www.notesolution.com
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