credibility to them. The search for a canon in the tradition lead to the naming of the
authors of the gospels.
Crucifix: A cross with an image of the suffering Jesus mounted on it. Symbolic of
Jesus`self-sacrifice for the tradition, showing his martyrdom. An image representing his
crucifixion which plays a crucial role in the story of his life. Jesus was arrested and charged
with treason and he takes his punishment of crucifixion but is said to be resurrected by
Eucharist: The ritual re-enactment of Jesus ‘sacrifice of himself, patterned after his sharing
of bread and wine as his body and blood at the final Passover meal with his disciples.
Orthodox Christians term it the liturgy, Catholics the mass, and Protestants the Lord`s
Supper or Holy Communion.
Gospel: “Good News,” the accounts of Jesus` life as told by four of his disciples, Mark,
Matthew, Luke and John. The first three are known as synoptic because they view Jesus’
life quite similarly, whereas the account of John orders things differently and takes a
slightly different view. Mark sees Jesus as the savior of the Gentiles and expresses the idea
of apocalyptic urgency (we must repent now because the end is near, it could happen in our
lifetime). Matthew presents Jesus as the “master of the Torah”, catering more towards a
Jewish audience, gives the first account of Jesus’ infancy, adds Jesus’ divine nature and
supernatural powers to the account of him as a real human man and calls him the “savior of
the Jews,” or “the messiah” in the Jewish context. Luke’s account, like Marks, presents
Jesus as the “savior of the Gentiles,” and portrays him as a hero for the underprivileged.
Shows his concern for the poor, women, outcasts and demonstrates that Jesus embraces
those who are marginalized in society. The fact that he was presented as the “savior of the
Gentiles,” indicates that this account was geared toward a Greco-Roman audience and
emphasizes that Jesus was innocent of any crime against Rome which was important for
attracting Gentiles (non-Jews) to the tradition. John’s gospel presented Jesus as the
“eternal divine son of God.” He was not a synoptic because he presents events in a different
order or sequence and portrays Jesus in a new way. He speaks more about the nature of
Jesus, and Jesus himself is the teaching, not exactly the history of his life. The Gospel of
Peter did not make the cut because it claimed different things: Jesus didn’t die on the cross
but returned to heaven before the crucifixion. The Bishop of Antioch, taking this into
consideration, decided not to include Peter’s account in the gospels.
Indulgences: The initial main idea in Christianity that Luther rejected, due to its
materialism proving to be a distraction from practitioners creating a direct connection with
god, which was Luther’s idea of what Christianity was supposed to be about. The ritual of
the “sale of indulgences,” was the practice of rich aristocrats donating money to the church.
The Church would then transform the money into “spiritual merit,” that they would then