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RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Jewish Diaspora, 613 Commandments, Golden Calf

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David Perley
Study Guide

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Quiz Terms:
- Torah: It’s the Jewish name for the first 5 books in the Jewish Bible. These books are
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. It was spoken to Moses by
God on Mount Sinai. It is also referred to as the Pentateuch or the 5 books of Moses.
It is the centrepiece in Sabbath morning services. It tells the story of Abraham and
Sarah, and their relationship with God in the promise land of Canaan. It tells the story
of Egypt and of the exile and redemption of the people of Israel, and their journey
through the desert to the land of Canaan. Along the way, Israel enters into a covenant
with God, and God reveals the rules of a just society and proper worship. It is also the
central and most important document in Judaism. It contains 613 commandments. It’s
written in Hebrew. Main theme is human rebellion against divine love. Rabbinic Jews
view the God of Israel as the source of Torah whereas Philo describe the Torah as
being written by Moses.
- Diaspora: Is the migration/scattering of people away from an established or ancestral
homeland. The Jewish Diaspora is the exile of the Jewish people from the Kingdom
of Judah, with the destruction of the first temple in 586 B.C.E. It was the Babylonians
who conquered the temple, and exiled a large part of of the Jewish population to
Babylonia (now southern Iraq). This Diaspora has led to Jewish people living all over
the world. Another group of Jews fled to Egypt. In 70 A.D., the Romans destroyed
the second temple and most of Jerusalem. They drove the Jews out of Palestine and
they got all around the world. Diaspora is Divine Retribution. The people of Israel
lacked fidelity to their God and to the covenant, therefore their punishment was the
destruction of their spiritual centre; being Jerusalem and the Temple.
- Ten Commandments: Also called the Decalogue, is God’s first recitation and
inscription of the Ten Commandments on 2 tablets, which were broken by Moses
because of his anger towards the people of Israel worshipping a golden calf, then re-
written on 2 other tablets that were kept in the ark of the covenant.
1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me
2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image
3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain
4. Remember the sabbath day and keep it holy
5. Honour thy father and thy mother
6. Thou shalt not kill
7. Thou shalt not commit adultery
8. Thou shalt not steal
9. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour
10. Thou shalt not covet anything that is thy neighbour's
The first 5 commandments, which were written on the first tablet, concern man’s
belief with God. Even the 5th commandment of honouring our parents refers to God,
because our parents created us and we should never dishonor them. The last 5
commandments, which were written on the second tablet, refer to man’s relationship
with others.
- Sadducees: They were a group of Jews active during the Second Temple Period
until its destruction in 70BC. They tend to be wealthy and held high position, such as
High Priests and Chief Priests. Since Israel was under Roman control at the time, the
Sadducees were very political, and not so much religious. They did not relate to the
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