Weekly lecture Notes, exam guides

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Published on 17 Jun 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Culture
What is it?
-social forces internal/external
-all about perception, what we see is selective
Social order & predictability
-behaviour is not random in social groups
-its patterned, predictable ppl tend to conform
-culture isnt random
-culture is the most powerful widespread social force that governs
Values, beliefs & norms
Values things everybody in cultures share
-most abstract, inclusive
-political equality system treats you equally
-freedom of conscience freedom to explore your own spirituality
Norms even more specific to groups
- things that govern everyday conduct
- more concrete than values, beliefs
-what kind of behaviour isnt allowed proscribed
-what kind of behaviour is allowed prescribed
The two faces of culture
-allows us to be free but sometimes constrains it paradox
Status & role
-allows us to live together peacefully
-can force you to do things you dont want to
-all cultures have customs, beliefs, values, mores
-status socially defined position in the social order
-common ones are kinships define ppl to the relationships they have
-kinship network structural positions are related to each other & they define
appropriate behaviour among & btwn those statuses
-most important status occupation tells your prestige, income & education in
society
-prestige = social class
-role a set of behavioural expectations that are socially assigned to specific statuses
-sanctions forms of disapproval to bring ppl back in line
Status & role set
-we play multiple roles b/c we are assigned multiple statuses
Roles
-role strain when you have one status
-role conflict when you hold multiple role statuses
- roles are clashed
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Document Summary

What is it? social forces internal/external all about perception, what we see is selective. Social order & predictability behaviour is not random in social groups it"s patterned, predictable ppl tend to conform culture isn"t random culture is the most powerful widespread social force that governs. Most abstract, inclusive political equality system treats you equally freedom of conscience freedom to explore your own spirituality. Norms even more specific to groups things that govern everyday conduct. What kind of behaviour isn"t allowed proscribed. What kind of behaviour is allowed prescribed. The two faces of culture allows us to be free but sometimes constrains it paradox. Status & role set we play multiple roles b/c we are assigned multiple statuses. Roles role strain when you have one status role conflict when you hold multiple role statuses roles are clashed www. notesolution. com. Institutions relatively permanent patterns of behaviour clusters of specialized roles groups, customs economy, education, politics, family, religion & mass media.