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Final

Weekly lecture Notes, exam guides


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Study Guide
Final

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Culture
What is it?
-social forces internal/external
-all about perception, what we see is selective
Social order & predictability
-behaviour is not random in social groups
-its patterned, predictable ppl tend to conform
-culture isnt random
-culture is the most powerful widespread social force that governs
Values, beliefs & norms
Values things everybody in cultures share
-most abstract, inclusive
-political equality system treats you equally
-freedom of conscience freedom to explore your own spirituality
Norms even more specific to groups
- things that govern everyday conduct
- more concrete than values, beliefs
-what kind of behaviour isnt allowed proscribed
-what kind of behaviour is allowed prescribed
The two faces of culture
-allows us to be free but sometimes constrains it paradox
Status & role
-allows us to live together peacefully
-can force you to do things you dont want to
-all cultures have customs, beliefs, values, mores
-status socially defined position in the social order
-common ones are kinships define ppl to the relationships they have
-kinship network structural positions are related to each other & they define
appropriate behaviour among & btwn those statuses
-most important status occupation tells your prestige, income & education in
society
-prestige = social class
-role a set of behavioural expectations that are socially assigned to specific statuses
-sanctions forms of disapproval to bring ppl back in line
Status & role set
-we play multiple roles b/c we are assigned multiple statuses
Roles
-role strain when you have one status
-role conflict when you hold multiple role statuses
- roles are clashed
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