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SOCA01H3 Study Guide - Monogamy, Heterosis, Patrilineality

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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-ppl from the lower class are less likely to be involved in the community
-kiwinis voluntary organizations
-privatised stay at home
-working class are less likely to vote b/c of attitude
-authoritarianism set of attitudes that ppl hold when theyre related to class
-developed by Adorno
-closed mindedness not being open to new ideas
-more likely to think in simple straight-forward terms that dont reflect the
complexity of the world
-more likely to be prejudiced
-families are sets of relationships ppl create to share resources daily to ensure their
own and their childrens welfare and to socially reproduce their society
- families vary widely in the way they are organized across cultures and through
-nuclear family mother, father & children
-Recent calls for a return to “family values evoke a problem-free past. Deviations
from the traditional breadwinner/homemaker ideal are held to underlie many social
- family-values advocates want to outlaw abortion, same-sex marriages and
parenthood and cut funding for public day care
- these arguments falsely assume that there is only one type of family that can
adequately raise children and that choices can be made completely freely actually,
choices are structured by gender, class and race
-structural functionalists say the nuclear family is universal b/c it supposedly
performs certain essential functions: socialization, reproduction (regulation of sexual
activity), emotional satisfaction, economic efficiency, etc
- the family is the most important & influential point of socialization
-the state opposed homosexuality, contraception & abortion
-matrilineal tracing decent through the mother
-patrilineal tracing decent through the father
-bilateral tracing decent through both mother & father
-hybrid vigour marrying beyond your gene pool and producing healthy offspring
-inside the family: particularism + affect
-particularism family is devoted to you & treats you as an individual
-affect emotion
-outside the family: universalism + impersonality (objectivity)
-a family is a paradox b/c while it provides all the nice things it can also be a setting of
violence & conflict
- functional approach tends to minimize problems of family life
-in 1970, 20% of Japanese women arent married
- today, 40% of them arent married
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