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Study Guide

[SOCA01H3] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (107 pages long!)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
SOCA01H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Sociology Lecture 1
- Car stopped at a green light experiment, how long does it take to honk? Is
the visual appearance of the car in front of you a factor?
o Actual findings show that it takes about 2 seconds on average to honk
at a car that is beat
o It takes a full 6 seconds for a car to honk at a nice car
- What does this tell us about us?
o It is always going to come down to power
- Power The ability to make other people act in your best interest
- Example of an unequal power relationship…
o Parent child relationship
o Siblings
o Boss and employees
o Principle and teachers
o Couples, relationships, friendships
o Professor and student
What is Sociology?
- Method that allows us to see the social world more clearly. A desire to
improve the social world. Method to come to grips with your country, your
culture and your self.
Why Sociology?
- C. Wright Mills the person that helped us connect what we observe on the
micro level to the macro level
o Raised catholic and grew up an army rat
o He was really rebelling at this time
o Enrolled into University… focused military school
o After 1 year... he hated religion, his role as a son of a man in the
military
o He transferred Universities to break away from all of this and he
started to learn about sociology
- Mills’ development in sociology:
o Micro Level = Individual
o Meso Level = Group
o Macro Level = Societal
- Look at gender at the micro, meso, and macro levels
- Example of looking at gender roles in wanting to have a child… What makes a
person want to have a child
o Micro Women might feel the pressure to want to be a good mother,
their internal beliefs
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o Meso The familial expectations of wanting to partake in
motherhood… Second shift (2 people in a marriage want to have a
child but they both work and have a lot of stuff to do because they are
working out of home for  hrs a week… Data suggests that women
have a second shift which is when after they are done work, they have
to come home and do a lot of other work like laundry, cooking, clean)
o Macro Politics, rules, laws… women can get  months maternity
leave in Canada and men can get 3 months of maternity leave.
Whereas in the States, they may not rehire you if you come back from
your pregnancy. Not just about the psychology of the parents to be
- Patriarchy The traditional system of economic and political inequality
between women and men in most societies… seen as a structural force
- Gender Disparity Graph… Dark color is Female, light color is female
o 13.7% is the average that corporate boards belong to women
The Sociological Perspective
- Sociological Imagination cultivating the ability to see the connection
between personal troubles and social structures
o This was developed by C. Wright Mills in 1959
o An example is unemployment
From Personal Troubles To Social Structures
- Social structure relatively stable patterns of social relations
- Three Levels of social Structures:
I. Microstructures: Patterns of intimate social relations formed during
face to face interactions
II. Macrostructures: Patterns of social relations outside and above ones
intimates and acquaintances
III. Global Structures: patterns outside and above the global level
- The sociological imagination is a recent addition to the human repitoire
- In ancient time the thinking was not sociological, instead people believed
that society was controlled by god and nature
- It was not based on evidence
Origins of Sociological Imagination
- Scientific Revolution encouraged evidence based conclusions
- Democratic Revolution suggested that people were responsible for creating
society and that human intervention was capable of solving social problems
- Industrial Revolution created a host of social problems; attracted attention of
social thinkers
- Some people that pushed this person along:
o Auguste Comte: Responsible for the scientific revolution
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