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SOCA01H3 Study Guide - Thomas Theorem, Self Esteem (Song)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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Chapter 4 Socialization
Wistle Blowers-connect with journalists, and trying to make a change
Looking glass self: Juding other people are evaluating it is because they become aware
that people are evaluating me and in a process develops who I am
Meads Theory of the Self
The I is the creative self and are able to look at the social forces and to be changed; also can
reflect back on myself; the I means I can go; McCann reflects back on his performance and
comes with a conclusion (how I can improve)
Patterns of Socialization
We all different from each other, always respond to socialization in a different way; some are
easier to socialize than others, and also that sex difference do exist
How so socialize people- we are following the same pattern: cross-cultural; culture are
very in a degree which they stress the degree of responsibilities; *traditional society: the
group, family is responsible; modern society-the individual; Cross-Cultural comparison-
evacuate patterns, some cultures express more than others, this insures a significant
difference; also address different social class; *working class-strict; middle class parent-
friendly *-
The Me is part of social self, the robot, the social self as in society as what expects
Working class children are giving less opportunity to be creative, the empathises of
working class children is following the rules; norms of dress, diet
Extended family-grandparents, aunts, uncles; pattern of socialization is extended, in
addiction to socializing the child and it is a minority, most is NUCLEAR
Dominant family-nuclear family-children socialize differently, certain people to
socialize
Patterns within families: Birth Order- the elder children taking rules of Parents;
Gender Siblings- Mixing of brothers and sisters (ex. Grow up in mostly males, you
tend to be patriarch to women; *boys that grew up with all brothers, then tend to be
patriarchal than boys grew up with sisters)
Boys tend to be socialize differently than girls; a lot of socialization experiences
shapes individuals
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Female socialization is different from male socialization, but not as different as in
the past; *girl used to stay home; now 60% of university students are female; getting
education
Socialization in Biology/ Nature vs. Nurture
Nature interacts with Nurture, socialization will shape biological process
Ex. Human being must eat (Nature), culture (Nurture) decides what and when we
eat: breakfast, lunch, dinner, and How we eat is shaped by culture; one culture call
as Normal’, other culture call abnormal
*sleep (Nature), when and where we sleep (is set by nurture/culture); *Western
society-kids sleep alone within their own bed; Culture-kids sleep with their parents
(*aboriginal culture)
Western society-training children to gain control movements as quickly as possible
Elimination-strict toilet training and this teach starts very early,
Freud: if you are too strict on Toilet Training; kid grow up will have emotional
problems, ex. Tight, harsh; ex.Martin Luther
-if you are harsh, this will show in life as inoretented and they tend to be repressed
(not all believe so)
All of this is part of Hyper-sanitized Western view
Primary socialization: start at birth; it is critique to emotional adjust, find influence on
kind of person you tend to be; if performed in a harmful way, it can cause emotional
difficulty later on in the life
It Is important for emotional adjustment later in life
*if family is violence(opposite from negotiate) when solving conflicts; children pick
up on that and will practice that behaviour; most likely children will be violent way
compare to children that they didnt have to go/experience that way
Rene Spitz Study:
*Study of orphanage and prison nursing home: Children grow up in orphanage tend
to be loner, isolates, tend to stay away from socializing people; physical health (way
they socializing children can influence the physical health; they have higher death
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rate, high death rates for inferior children) and slower development (takes them
longer to learn; behind, dont go through following stages from Piagets 4stages)
Socializing improves intellectual functions
Sexuality is social,
Aspects of Socialization: children who are encouraged are more likely to be well
adjusted (se;f-esteem); harsh children-put downs, psychological problem? However,
everything cant go too far, even good optimistic/ need to learn from mistakes
Self Esteem Movement-American, 25years ago; (all students pass and all students
dont get criticize in order to help children to build up self-esteem) teacher dont
criticize students, give marks/stars for all students; (mostly we learn from our
mistakes and this helps us to fit in the real world) big problem in American
Education; declined; now ranks 25th in the world Waiting for Superman-about
American Education; Mccannon
Aristotle-golden mean: dont be too harsh and tell them work while; cant hide
failure be somewhere in the middle; not too good or too bad the best role to follow
Secondary Socialization
Primary socialization is shorter, in traditional society child had to work, child labour
Preindustrial Society, children see as adults-treat with great universality;
little adult-to support their families; part time in the age of 5, full time in the
age of 7, marriage in the age of 13 or younger (*Juliet is in the age of 13)
Believe that children can think and reason as adult but they cant- Piaget (from
observing his own children)
Idea: Children were capable to behave like adult; if not, will be punished
Secondary Socialization-Education; school and peers begin to influence the child,
sometimes child begins to think in the ways that are different from peers
Kiddy Culture(KK): little boy in the culture is extremely sexist, they dont play or
even look at girls; and having stereotypes about girls; dont want to be sissy
Gender Nutural Envirnment –doesnt work, other influences
Scientist discovered that Kiddy Culture exist in school, they pass on their culture in
one generation to the next
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