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Study Guide

[SOCA01H3] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (37 pages long)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
SOCA01H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Sociology Notes for Chapters 1 - 4:
Chapter 1:
Intro
o Gluskap stories were about the need for harmony among humans and
between humans and nature
o Sociology can help make sense of our lives
o The point of this book is to allow us to find our place in this world and
see ourselves in the context of larger forces
o Sociology can be a liberating practical activity not just an abstract
intellectual exercise
The sociological perspective
o Suicide appears to be an antisocial act
o It is committed in private, away from the public intrusive glare
o It is rare
o When you think about why people commit suicide you are likely to
think about their state of mind, not the state of society
o Emile Durkheim:
o Demonstrated that suicide is more than an individual act of
desperation that results from a psychological disorder
o Suicide is strongly influenced by social forces
o There are 4 male suicides for ever 1 female suicide case
o Jews have the highest rate of psychological disorder but the lowest
suicide rates
o She found that psychological disorder occurred when a person
reached adulthood, but suicide increased with age
o She found that suicide rates varied because of differences in the
degree of social solidarity
o Social solidarity = the degree to which group members share beliefs
and values, and the intensity and frequency of their interactions.
o High degree of social solidarity = less likely to commit suicide
o Married adults are half as likely as unmarried adults to commit suicide
o Women are less likely to commit suicide than men because they are
more involved in the intimate social relations of family life
o Jews are less likely to commit suicide than Christians because they are
more of a tight knit community
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o Older adults are more likely to commit suicide comparted to young
and middle aged people
o Suicide in Canada today
o Shared moral principles and strong social ties have eroded since the
early 1960s, especially for Canadian youth
o Church, synagogue, mosque and temple attendance is low
o Unemployment is up, especially for youth
o Rate of divorce is up (Births outside of marriage are also more
common)
From personal troubles to social structures
o Patterns of social relations affect your innermost thoughts and
feelings, influence your actions, and thus help shape who you are
o Social structures: are relatively stable patterns of social relations
o Microstructures are the patterns of relatively intimate social relations
formed during face-to-face interactions. Families, friendships circles,
and work associations are examples
o Macrostructures are overarching patterns of social relations that lie
outside and above a person’s circle of intimates and acquaintances.
They include classes and power systems, such as patriarchy.
o Patriarchy is the traditional system of economic and political
inequality between women and men.
o Global structures are patterns of social relations that lie outside and
above the national level. They include international organizations,
patterns of worldwide travel and communication, and the economic
relations between countries
o Charity and foreign aid are unable to overcome the structure of social
relations among countries that have created and sustain global
inequality
o Today, poor countries pay about 7 times as much in interest on those
loans as they receive in aid. It seems that relying on foreign aid and
charity can do little to help solve the problem of world poverty.
o C. Wright Mills
Social imagination: the quality of mind that enables a person
to see the connection between personal troubles and social
structures
The social imagination is a recent addition to the human
repertoire. Some philosophers wrote about society but their
thinking was not sociological. They believed god and nature
controlled society. They spent time sketching blueprints for the
ideal society and urging people to follow those blueprints. They
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