Chapter 7- Social Stratification FINAL EXAM REVIEW including selected terms, lecture, and textbook notes.

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Chapter 7 Social StratificationSome Principles of Stratification Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore Response by Melvin TuminStratification is a functional necessity Occurs because some social positions are more important to social system than others and such some are values and rewarded differentlyTumin suggests that social stratification may be dysfunctional for societyStratificationprecisely requirement faced by any society of placing and motivating individuals in social structureRewards are built into position Rights associated with position called accompaniments or perquisitesrelated to duties of position The most important tasks in a society will be performed conscientiously by the most competent personsLecture NotesBig Three of Stratification access to valued resources1Wealth2Prestige3PowerGenerally have 2 or 3 of them but usually we have 1Judges lawyers and Quebec notaries make the most income In 2005 99 305 median Followed by specialist managers professional occupations in healthStrata classTraditional Society immobile Modern Society mobile able to move in hierarchyWhy do people make different incomesDifferent occupations Aka complex division of labour social differentiationModern society more differentiated 3500 occupations Become established over time explanation of income natural talent effort and level of incomeMosca 1896 studied social elites The Ruling Class inequality is inevitable bc of politics It coordinates the society Politics causesestablishes inequality of opportunities and power Coordinatedinteract what goals we should strive forFeathering your own rest look after themselvesMichel idea to explain inequality called Iron Law of Oligarchy dictation of group of people running society putting money in their own pockets
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