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SOCA01H3 Study Guide - Anne Mclellan


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar

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Violence
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o 65% females see issue as extremely serious, compared to just 40%
o Males find violence in school most serious out of child abuse, teenage suicide, violence
against women, crime, youth gangs, etc
o Generally, the concern levels for females are significantly higher than those of males.
- Teens were asked if they have a close friend who personally has encountered violence or has
had depression or suicide-related experiences:
o 5/10 led by females say they had a close friend who have been seriously depressed
o 4/10 have a close friend who has attempted suicide
In the above 2 cases, the levels for females exceed those for males
o Almost 40% males and 25% females report to have a close friend who has been
physically attacked at school.
o Around 40% females and 25% males say a close friend has been physically abused at
home
o 3/10 females and just under 2/10 confide they have a close friend who has been
sexually abused
o 30% of males and 20% females say a close friend has been victim of gang violence
Above findings should be not be interpreted as if say for eg. 3/10 females say
they have a close friend who has sexually abused mean there are 3/10 females
sexually abused.
But these findings indicate the incidence of depression, suicide attempts,
physical attacks and abuse is startling high
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have been bullied during school
o Disproportionately directed at males who feel isolated
o Bullying is cyclical those who are bullied bully.
Differences across the country:
- Concern about violence in schools somewhat less in Quebec.
- Teens in cities over 400 000 slightly less inclined to view school violence as very serious and no
more likely to say they do not feel safe at school.
- Teens living on farms least likely to say they have a close friend who has been attacked at school
or physically abused at home
- Little difference in concern about violence at school and home between teens born in Canada
and those born outside Canada.
- There is slightly greater tendency for teens who have come to Canada to say both they have a
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- Teens from outside Canada their inclination to engage in offences resemble those of teens born
here (noted by Siu Kwong Wong in recent study of Winnipeg Chinese teens)
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- Youth violence has lead to proactive measure in Toronto. In June 2000, a Youth Violence Task
Force suggested
o Police officers be assigned to schools, recreational centres, subway stations during lunch
and after school
o Police disclose conditions of release for young offenders to school as permissible under
the Young Offenders Act
o Young offender program be implemented to target high-risk, repeat offenders
- A 1999 survey of 2000 gr.7-12 students showed that
o Violence was highest among grades 8 and 9
o 40% of grade 9 students admitted to slapping, punching, or kicking someone in the past
year compared to 32% gr.12 students.
o 16% acknowledged they had brought weapons to school. Commonly being illegal knives,
replica weapons, plastic guns, bat, clubs. Least common were handguns and pellet guns
o More than half the students said they have been victimized at least once during the past
year at school.
o Almost same percentage said they have been victimized outside of school
o Most common forms of victimization: slapping, punching, kicking, stealing, threats,
property damage
o Least common forms of victimization: attacked by group or gang and being threatened
by weapon.
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toward another person.
Reality Check
- Stats Can indicated disproportionate number of teens are victims of violent crime (20% of all
violent crime)
- Stats Can showed rate of violent crime committed by youth has been decreasing in recent years
- Third Stats Can reported young offenders who are placed in custody tend to be punished to a
greater degree than adult offenders.
- Contrary to widely held perception, teen violence has actually been declining.
- Nov.2000, Dennis Eastcott, maintained that statistics do not support notion that kids are
becoming more violent.
- Eastcott commented studies based on where kids are victimized show one of the safest places
for them is at school
- At a conferen}(À]]u[-rights advocates, Justice Minister Anne McLellan said that Ottawa
would do what it thinks is right to deal with young offenders, regardless of pressure from
provinces.
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enough. Well, you know what that tells me? Canadians are generally right in the middle
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