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Ch 7 of Ungar reader. No exit for wives.

6 Pages
52 Views
Fall 2008

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar

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Ungar Ch. 7:
No Exit for Wives: Sexual Division of Labour and
the Cumulation of Household Demands
6XPPDU\LWOOPDNHPRUHVHQVHWKLVZD\
x Women always do more housework than guys, even when they work
in the paid labour force
x +XVEDQGVEDUHO\SXWLQDQ\time housework compared to their wives
and their time does not increase by much even when their wife goes
from being a house-wife to a full-time worker
x Adaptive partnership theory: when both spouses work, they work
together and divide up the work (false, dRHVQWKDSSHQLQWKHUHDO
world)
x Dependent labour theory: women are and have always been dependent
on men, and so they will always continue to do the housework that
PHQGRQ¶WJLYHWKHPHQRXJKFUHGLWIRU
Abstract
x Two conflicting arguments of the sexual division of household labour:
o Adaptive partnership theory
o Dependent labour theory
x Workday and weekend time budgets of hundreds of married couples in Greater
Vancouver are analyzed to choose the most adequate of the two arguments
x Results are consistent with thHWKHRU\RIPDUULHGZRPHQ¶VGHSHQGHQWODERXU
x Conduct of husbands remains insensitive to the cumulation of demands on the
KRXVHKROGRIZLYHV¶HPSOR\PHQWH[WHQGHGMREKRXUVDQG\RXQJFKLOGUHQ
x Report will be concerned with the provision of detailed descriptive data and with
the consistency of results in the analysis of several components of the problem
x Components:
1. The conditions of participation in paid work
2. Length of the work week and impact on the distribution of work between
couple
3. Composition of housework activities and the proportionate contributions
of each spouse
4. Reflection of cumulating demands in the over-all time budgets of wives
and husbands
5. Their relative share of the increasing costs in total and domestic labour
time
Contradictions
x More women work for pay away from home
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x Conventional division of functions continues to allocate domestic obligations to
women
x &RXOGSUHYHQWZRPHQ¶VDFKLHYHPHQWRILQGHSHQGHQFHWKURXJKZRUNIRUPRQH\
x Women take on a mounting share of the collective labour while being denied the
characterization of their efforts as work
x Paper is intended to describe the consequences of the contradiction between
change and stability in the allocation of work in public and private production
x To account or these consequences, theory of adaptive partnership and dependent
labour theory used
Adaptive Partnership
x µWKHZRUNRIZRPHQLVDUHVRXUFHZKLFKJLYHVKHUPRUHZHLJKWLQWKHEDODQFHRI
SRZHUDQGLQWKHGLYLVLRQRIGRPHVWLFWDVNVLQWKHFRXSOHUHVRXUFHµZRUSHUPLWV
her to take a greater part in family decisions and to obtain from the husband more
KHOSLQGRPHVWLFWDVNV¶
x :KHQWKHZLIHJRHVRXWWRZRUNIRUSD\µKXVEDQGIHHOVREOLJHGWRKHOSRXWPRUH
DWKRPHDQGWDNHVRYHUDQDSSUHFLDEO\ODUJHUVKDUHRIWKHKRXVHZRUN´
x Only way of getting tKHZRUNGRQHLVWRWDSWKHKXVEDQVWLPH
x Husband will contribute more to housework when his job requires fewer hours
x Family is a self-balancing system which adapts to structural changes and internal
requirements
x As more women work for pay, employment increases their relative power in
domestic decisions, decreases their available time, and their relative share of
housework
x Marriages are becoming more equal relationships
x Division RIKRXVHKROGODERXUEHFRPHVUHVROYHGLQWKHµV\PPHWULFDOIDPLO\
x Research projects in America, France, Sweden and Britain found approaching
equality in household division of labour and more equality when wives held
paying jobs
x More husbands helped in housework when their wives worked longer hours away
from home and where there were younger kids
Dependent Labour and the Cumulation of Demands
x µDGDSWLYHSDUWQHUVKLSWKHRU\FRQILQHGWRWKHLQWHUQDOEDODQFHRIWKHUHVRXUFHRI
paid work and time in the personal relationship of wife and husband, not
addressed to actual use of time
x Women and men have a different relationship to work organizations, class
structure, and to means of controlling the value of different kinds of labour
x $OWHUQDWLYHDUJXPHQWWDNHVLQWRDFFRXQWPHVDQGZRPHVrelationship to
productive and social resources and its consequences for demands on their work
and the time it requires
x 0HQ¶VUHODWLRQVKLSWRWKHRUJDQL]DWLRQRIZRUNGHILQHVWKHLUFODVVSRVLWLRQ
x Unrewarding jobs are allocated to women
x Economic function of the household formed on marriage is the servicing of men
as resources for the corporate organization of production
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Description
Ungar Ch. 7: No Exit for Wives: Sexual Division of Labour and the Cumulation of Household Demands $:22,7 L9OO2,N02470803809KL8Z, N Women always do more housework than guys, even when they work in the paid labour force N +:8-,38-,70O5:9L3,3time housework compared to their wives and their time does not increase by much even when their wife goes from being a house-wife to a full-time worker N Adaptive partnership theory: when both spouses work, they work together and divide up the work (false, d40839K,5503L39K070,O world) N Dependent labour theory: women are and have always been dependent on men, and so they will always continue to do the housework that 203439JL;09K02034:JK.70L9147 Abstract N Two conflicting arguments of the sexual division of household labour: o Adaptive partnership theory o Dependent labour theory N Workday and weekend time budgets of hundreds of married couples in Greater Vancouver are analyzed to choose the most adequate of the two arguments N Results are consistent with th09K047412,77L0Z420380503039O,-4:7 N Conduct of husbands remains insensitive to the cumulation of demands on the K4:80K4O41ZL;08025O420390[9030M4-K4:78,34:3J.KLO703 N Report will be concerned with the provision of detailed descriptive data and with the consistency of results in the analysis of several components of the problem N Components: 1. The conditions of participation in paid work 2. Length of the work week and impact on the distribution of work between couple 3. Composition of housework activities and the proportionate contributions of each spouse 4. Reflection of cumulating demands in the over-all time budgets of wives and husbands 5. Their relative share of the increasing costs in total and domestic labour time Contradictions N More women work for pay away from home www.notesolution.com
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