Ungar Ch 5

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

Ungar Chapter 5 J Chinese Immigrants on the Canadian Prairie (1910-47) - Based on the history of the Chinese in Saskatchewan (1979-1980) - Collecting life histories of elderly Chinese in the province, particularly their work experiences in Canada Chinese Immigrants on the Canadian Prairie, 1910-47 - Chinese immigrants came around 1858 after gold was discovered in British Columbia - First wave of Chinese immigrants were miners from the US and immigrants from Kwantung China - Large numbers of Chinese labourers recruišš}]ooL[Zo}µŒZZ}Œš27Z‰ ]ooÇÁZL the CPR (Canada Pacific Railway) was being constructed - Wave of Chinese immigration coming to Canada continued after CPR was completed, but at a slower rate - 1875, provincial government of British Columbia passed anti-chinese bills. Canada was scared to pass federal bill at the moment fearing it would create shortage of labourers and disrupt construction of CPR - First federal anti-Chinese bill passed in 1885 in the form of head tax of $50 imposed upon every Chinese person entering Canada. (later raised to $100, and then to $500) It ended in 1947 - Before 1900, most Chinese in British Columbia - As white workers increased in British Columbia, the Chinese were seen as competitors - As organized labour grew, Chinese became target of labour exclusion - Anti-Chinese movement gained political support to gain popular support - Many Chinese forced to work in the marginal sector and were restricted in the core labour market. - Hostile labour market accelerated growth of ethnic business among Chinese (laundry, restaurants) Background of Chinese Respondents - Most Chinese immigrants that first come to Canada come in their late teens or early twenties with no job experience asides from agricultural work. - they left home to escape economic hardship and to look for better employment opportunities - In many cases, they borrow money from relatives in Canada to finance the trip. They later pay them back after working and saving up in Canada - Some respondents worked for their relatives after arrival and others learned employment opportunities through their relatives Opportunities and Constraints in the Labour Market - All Chinese immigrants shared common job characteristics. (poorly paid, often worked as servants, laundry workers, restaurant workers) www.notesolution.com - Jobs among the Chinese have all the features typical of employment in the marginal labour market. (long hours of work, little security, low pay, low skill) - On the surface, it seems the lack of occupational and language skills would explain why many Chinese had low status jobs. However, as long as employment in other sectors was not available š}Z]LZ7]šZŒÁÇZ]LZÁ}µoL[šoš}2]LZ]2ZŒ‰Ç]L2E}Z - There is strong evid
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