They do chores, take care of elderly parents, and have an economic value
The basic and irreducible function of the family
5. Emotional Support
Nuclear family provides love affection and support to its members
Murdock says the mother is mainly responsible for this
Therefore the mother has a more expressive role while the father has a more instrumental one
The two types of families that were in the mind of functionalists theorists...
Groups of nomads who travel in bands
Yes, a gender division does exist, with females tending to children and gathering while men hunt
Gender division is much less strict and societies are more egalitarian than Murdock thought
Men sometimes gather food and tend to babies
Gender division is not related to power and authority
men and woman have pretty much the same privileges in these societies
woman produce up to 80% of the food
The band is the basic functional unit, not necessarily the nuclear family
The group decides as a consensus when men should be sent out to hunt
food is shared among bands, not just nuclear families
Socialization of children is the responsibility of all adults not just families
Children are not always economic assets in foraging societies.
Ratio of children to productive adults is kept low
Inuit even allow babies born in hard times to die.
Functionalists noted that during this time the economic functions were less important and the socializing and emotional
functions of the family were more important.
Unlike in the time of the farm, both parents do not have to work. The man works outside the home while the woman
works on the children within the home.
Marriage and Baby boom, increase in family income
Woman work on the home, attention on child rearing and house work
However, Andrew J. Cherlin notes the decline of the nuclear family amidst all this
People married hastily, then divorce rates sky rocket as these marriages broke up
ÇZíõòì[}]P]vovZv-established after the post war boom(fewer marriages less income)
Functionalists were too hasty in making their conclusions, they based their observations too closely on the eras which
they knew best, and failed to recognize the decline of the nuclear family