Study Guides (275,608)
CA (150,900)
UTSC (9,885)
Sociology (613)
SOCA01H3 (180)

mapping readings included

5 Pages
107 Views
Fall 2010

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Chapter 7- Social Stratification
Some Principles of Stratification- Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore. Response by Melvin
Tumin.
Stratification is a functional necessity. Occurs because some social positions are more important
to social system than others and such, some are values and rewarded differently.
Tumin suggests that social stratification may be dysfunctional for society.
Stratification-precisely requirement faced by any society of placing and motivating individuals in
social structure.
Rewards are built into position. Rights associated with position called accompaniments or
perquisites-related to duties of position.
The most important tasks in a society will be performed conscientiously by the most competent
persons.
Lecture Notes:
Big Three of Stratification- access to valued resources.
1) Wealth
2) Prestige
3) Power
Generally have 2 or 3 of them but usually we have 1.
Judges, lawyers, and Quebec notaries make the most income In 2005 $99 305 median. Followed
by specialist managers, professional occupations in health.
Strata- class
Traditional Society- immobile. Modern Society- mobile (able to move in hierarchy)
Why do people make different incomes?
Different occupations. Aka complex division of labour/ social differentiation
Modern society more differentiated, 3500 occupations. Become established over time,
explanation of income- natural talent, effort, and level of income.
Mosca (1896)- studied social elites. “The Ruling Class- inequality is inevitable bc of politics. It
coordinates the society. Politics- causes/establishes inequality of opportunities and power.
Coordinated/interact- what goals we should strive for.
Feathering your own rest- look after themselves.
Michel- idea to explain inequality called Iron Law of Oligarchy- dictation of group of people
running society, putting money in their own pockets.
Pareto- people are self interested, applies to business, politics, and students in school. Ex.
Maximize your interest by going to school (and talents).
www.notesolution.com
Mosca called Pareto, cynic- pessimistic view.
Explanations of Income Inequality-
Factors in economic success:
a)Degree of natural talent
b) Degree of effort
c)Level of education
Social Capital- peoples networks or connections.
Cultural Capital- learning and skills that increase chance of securing a superior job.
Importance of education affects economic success, stressed by human capital theory.
Human Capital- sum of useful skills and knowledge than a person has.
Link between schooling and income levels.
Distribution of Total Market Income among Families in 1951- 2005.
Class system has stayed the same since 1951- of top to bottom (lower class) 5 ranks. And income
has stayed the same. Although income of families has increased from $25 000 to $75 000 over
the years. This shows how unequal wealth is divided.
Social Mobility- refers to dynamics of system of inequality. Movement of up or down in
stratification system.
Movement is reflected upon:
a)Intragenerational mobility- comparing first job with current one. During a persons
lifetime ex) leave highschool then go to work in a factory for 5 years (semi skilled worker)
become atomic physicist.
b) Intergenerational mobility- comparing occupations of parents with their kids jobs.
c)Upward intra(within) mobility- removes talented people from the underclass such as
young people called co optation. Long been practiced by elite people with power and
authority to keep political discontent under control.
Mobility studies- examine how people move up and how others move down.
Social stratification- the way society is organized in layers or strata. Way of ranking people eg)
kids at school know which kids are poor.
Ascription based stratification system- what rank you have depends on characteristics a person is
born with. Mentorship to a demo-group (demographic).
Achievement based stratification system- what rank depends on persons accomplishments.
Caste System- almost pure ascription based stratification system in which occupations and
marriage partners are assigned on basis of caste membership (group you belong to, ex religion).
Family isnt completely altruistic, self interest.
Left wing thinkers- think equality can be achieved.
Communism/socialism- focus on equality.
Soviet Union/East societies- foster equality more than capitalist society.
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 7- Social Stratification Some Principles of Stratification- Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore. Response by Melvin Tumin. Stratification is a functional necessity. Occurs because some social positions are more important to social system than others and such, some are values and rewarded differently. Tumin suggests that social stratification may be dysfunctional for society. Stratification-precisely requirement faced by any society of placing and motivating individuals in social structure. Rewards are built into position. Rights associated with position called accompaniments or perquisites-related to duties of position. The most important tasks in a society will be performed conscientiously by the most competent persons. Lecture Notes: Big Three of Stratification- access to valued resources. 1) Wealth 2) Prestige 3) Power Generally have 2 or 3 of them but usually we have 1. Judges, lawyers, and Quebec notaries make the most income In 2005 $99 305 median. Followed by specialist managers, professional occupations in health. Strata- class Traditional Society- immobile. Modern Society- mobile (able to move in hierarchy) Why do people make different incomes? Different occupations. Aka complex division of labour social differentiation Modern society more differentiated, 3500 occupations. Become established over time, explanation of income- natural talent, effort, and level of income. Mosca (1896)- studied social elites. The Ruling Class- inequality is inevitable bc of politics. It coordinates the society. Politics- causesestablishes inequality of opportunities and power. Coordinatedinteract- what goals we should strive for. Feathering your own rest- look after themselves. Michel- idea to explain inequality called Iron Law of Oligarchy- dictation of group of people running society, putting money in their own pockets. Pareto- people are self interested, applies to business, politics, and students in school. Ex. Maximize your interest by going to school (and talents). www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit