Study Guides (258,899)
CA (125,041)
UTSC (8,106)
Sociology (581)
SOCA01H3 (165)

mackinnon

2 Pages
83 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Chapter 19- Health and Medicine
Lecture Notes:
3 Social Causes of Illnesses and Death:
a)Human environmental factors (social class, occupation)
b) Lifestyle factors (smoking, diet)
c)Factors related to public health and health care systems (sewage, safe water, sanitation)
Why does Health deteriorate as move down class hierarchy?
1) High stres s and inability to cope with it
2) Differences in earliest stages of development that have lifelong consequences ex) if poor
circumstances before pregnancy continue on after birth
3) Lack of Knowledge
4) Unequal access to health care
5) Environmental expos ure
-1/6 americans: no access to health care and lack adequate coverage.
Medicalization of deviance- tendency for medical definitions of deviant behavior to become
prevalent over time. Earlier times, labeled evil.
Deviants- chastised (criticize/discipline), punished, and otherwise socially controlled by
members of clergy, neighbours, family, and justice system. What used to defined as badness is
now sickness.
1974- Homosexuality-considered psychiatric disorder for more than a centur y by APA.
Destigmatize homosexuality by activists, it was thus delabeled as mental illness.
Find classification of mental disorders useful (profit for pharmacy companies to make products
claimed to cure conditions/illness)
Cultural context stimulates inf lation in number and scope of mental disorders.
Promoting mental disorders giving rise to overdiagnosis. (ex post traumatic disorder first applied
to Vietnam vets now applied to children who watch action movies)
HMO(health maintenance organization)- pr ivately owned companies. They pursue profit.
Employ 4 main strategies to keep shareholders happy:
1) Avoid covering sick people or people who might become sick
2) Minimize cost of treating sick people, they cant afford covering
3) Inf late diagnosis to maximize profits
4) Keep overhead charges high
DSM (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders)
Beginning of 20
th
century- only 1 recognized mental disorder: Insanity/imbecility.
By 1975- 106. In 1994- 297.
Depression affects 1 in 4 women, 1 in 10 men.
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Chapter 19- Health and Medicine Lecture Notes: 3 Social Causes of Illnesses and Death: a) Human environmental factors (social class, occupation) b) Lifestyle factors (smoking, diet) c) Factors related to public health and health care systems (sewage, safe water, sanitation) Why does Health deteriorate as move down class hierarchy? 1) High stress and inability to cope with it 2) Differences in earliest stages of development that have lifelong consequences ex) if poor circumstances before pregnancy continue on after birth 3) Lack of Knowledge 4) Unequal access to health care 5) Environmental exposure -16 americans: no access to health care and lack adequate coverage. Medicalization of deviance- tendency for medical definitions of deviant behavior to become prevalent over time. Earlier times, labeled evil. Deviants- chastised (criticizediscipline), punished, and otherwise socially controlled by members of clergy, neighbours, family, and justice system. What used to defined as badness is now sickness. 1974- Homosexuality-considered psychiat
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit