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-Caste- found in traditional societies. No movement/mobility.
Closed societies- move from lower levels to higher. By person’s success. By way of a
Today’s society is more open.
Stereotype- the inferior group get negative judgment. Superior groups get positive
Social evaluation- decides how much of it you get. Success gets you positive social
evaluation because it’s achieved. Eg) education, market place (depends on how good you
are in business) niche (piece of the market you can do well in), athletics, entertainment,
Open- based on achievement. Treat people individually
Traditional evaluate people by ascription.
No society or is it ever based on ascription only or education.
Infant mortality more in working class. Don’t do as well in school and don’t do well in
reading (various factors could be parent’s don’t read)
Class does have an impact. The consequences on social class, quality of life/life chances.
Happiness depends on class. Low education, low prestige, low income, have higher
mortality also might suffer from mental disorders.
White collar jobs have more control than blue collar jobs.
Lower classes have more health problems because lack of knowledge, interest. When they
less control of their lives, they believe their lives based on fate. Tend to be more
overweight, alcohol use.
Middle and upper classes are more concerned about their lives and make their lives last
longer. Have more health sensitivities.
Privatized- social isolation
Get confidence from education
Working class because they have a lack of education. they don’t view the world to be
complex. They divide the world.
Cognitive- means knowing
Authoritarians- tend to be xenophobic (fear of the outside, and people different from
you). Associated with prejudice and stereotype.
1930s and1940s why did people abandon democracy for fascism?
30s was great depression. People start scapegoating- blaming other people for their
problems when they have no involvement. Start going towards totalitarianism
Race and Ethnicity
Deals mainly with power and resources are often distributed historically by race and
Definitions or race are often arbitrary. It depends on what you select to represent race. It’s
socially constructed. It doesn’t have any foundation. eg) skin colour. How come people
don’t associate it with head size or feet size.
Race vs. Racism
Racism is overused. It loses its significance. Racism is often used to represent prejudice
and discrimination but they both don’t necessarily make racism. Racism is about genetic
inferiority superiority. That certain groups are genetically superior than other groups.
If race is referring to skin colour.
Problems with Race:
Tremendous variations in Caucasians, blacks/negro.
Eg) president obama people refer to him as a black American when his mother is white
and he has ancestors that are middle eastern.
People are genetically mixed. People are more biologically similar in japan. You could
say people of japan are not a race per-say but they are more similar biologically
Emigration- coming from a foreign country to Canada and then moving to united states.
Intermarriage is becoming more common.