socio lec 10.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Malcolm Mac Kinnon

07/23/2012 Sociology Lecture 10: Stratification Continued… Attitude formation Working class authoritarianism – adorno  Distinct set of political ideas that center around prejudice, discrimination and a closed world view based on conspiratorialism – conspiracy o Belief that society is run by a conspiracy of forces o Prejudice and discrimination rooted in xenophobia (fear of the outsider – people who are different from us) o Absence of cognitive complexity: world is divided into forces of good and evil (light and darkness) o The cadal o F scale Xenophobia: Quebec ranks highest  French culture sees itself as being under threat as it is surrounded by English speakers in Canada and the U.S HEALTH AND MEDICINE  Symbolic interactionists – deviance is socially constructed including health o Bad health is a form of deviance o Deviance is subjective Mental Health: dependent on non scientific forces, labeled different behaviors as mental illness  Past: deviant behavior was labeled as evil, corrupt o Was punished by law, clergy, religious people, family, community o Moral problem upon deviant (wicked/wayward) Medicalization: turning deviance into a medical problem  Moral aspects removed and relabeled  If someone is a drug addict or an alcoholic, person is treated in a detoxification centre o Moral dimension is gone  Person prone to range has an anger management problem – hot head in the past o Get medicated Someone who overeats gets therapy or surgery to feel full after eating a small meal because stomache is stapled - lose hundreds of pounds Would be called a glutton Given methadone to treat heroin addiction o Medicalization of deviance replaced moral aspects o Redfined what is bad as sickness o Medical and psychiatric establishments o Past: responsible for our own deviance, today people are not held responsible for deviance because deviance is assumed to be involuntary Seven Deadly Sins: Pride Envy Gluttony Lust Anger Greed Sloth How does psychiatry and medicine get control of our lives? Interest groups have been able to influence what gets labeled and delabelled o Not based on science, but other considerations o Before 1974, homosexuality was considered to be a psychiatric disorder for more than a century o Diagnostic and statistic manual of mental disorders (DSM) – produced by psychiatrists where mental disorders are listed o Homosexuality was found here in the past o Label dropped after 1974 because condition was more widespread than ever before making it more visible o Gay and lesbian activist groups tried to get rid of stigma associated with homosexuality and lobbied – make presentations before psychiatric groups when revising the DSM o Didn’t have evidence that homosexuality was a mental disorder, so psychiatrists dropped it from DSM 1978 – Neuroces was a mental disorder, but dropped o Mother with neuroces was cleaning leaves on an apple tree in the back yard with windex and Kleenex o Obsessed about cleanliness o Concerned about security – check windows and doors 500 times before sleeping to see if they’re locked o DSM got rid of neuroces as a mental disorder o Freudian: psychotherapy  Psychoanalysts: people who practice Freudian psychotherapy  When heard DSM was going to drop Neuroces – loss of business, threatened to sue American psychiatrist association, so they backed down  Nothing to do with science, but cultural forces Post-traumatic stress disorder o War soldiers from Vietnam returning home had problems coping as they weren’t treated as heroes, but were called names o Hard to find jobs during 1974 recession o Veterans had problems adjusting due to war o Ex – veterans started a national campaign urging APA to recognize post traumatic stress disorder o DSM resisted at first, but gave in later o PTSD – recognized as a mental disorder, but no evidence (controversial) o Veterans wanted this label because they tried to obtain compensation from the U.S government o Any injury you pick up during war can be compensated by government o Once PTSD labeled as mental disorder, funding received from government  Politics, not science was responsible! Self-defeating personality disorder o 1987 DSM listed as mental disorder o Feminists objected because women shouldn’t be blamed for this disorder and was like blaming the victim, society and patriarchy is to blame – ideological statement, not clinical o Women are twice as likely to get this more than man o 1994 DSM dropped self-defeating personality disorder (delabelled) o Elevates importance of medication and psychiatry, eliminating psychotherapy o Political forces, social values are responsible for labeling and delabeling Psychology: cannot draw the line between mentally healthy and mentally non-healthy people o We’re all slightly neurotic ex. Everything must be orderly, but able to cope with and does not make you dysfunctional and does not disturb others o Dividing line between normal behavior and unhealthy behavior is unclear, leaving room for other forces to enter into the picture o 20 century: federal government of Canada recognized 1 mental disorder, inbecility/insanity o 1994 – 207 mental disorders recognized….keeps growing o 2001- 1 in 5 canadians will suffer from mental disorders in their life, most common being depression
More Less

Related notes for SOCA01H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.