socio lec 10.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA01H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
N/A

Description
07/23/2012 Sociology Lecture 10: Stratification Continued… Attitude formation Working class authoritarianism – adorno  Distinct set of political ideas that center around prejudice, discrimination and a closed world view based on conspiratorialism – conspiracy o Belief that society is run by a conspiracy of forces o Prejudice and discrimination rooted in xenophobia (fear of the outsider – people who are different from us) o Absence of cognitive complexity: world is divided into forces of good and evil (light and darkness) o The cadal o F scale Xenophobia: Quebec ranks highest  French culture sees itself as being under threat as it is surrounded by English speakers in Canada and the U.S HEALTH AND MEDICINE  Symbolic interactionists – deviance is socially constructed including health o Bad health is a form of deviance o Deviance is subjective Mental Health: dependent on non scientific forces, labeled different behaviors as mental illness  Past: deviant behavior was labeled as evil, corrupt o Was punished by law, clergy, religious people, family, community o Moral problem upon deviant (wicked/wayward) Medicalization: turning deviance into a medical problem  Moral aspects removed and relabeled  If someone is a drug addict or an alcoholic, person is treated in a detoxification centre o Moral dimension is gone  Person prone to range has an anger management problem – hot head in the past o Get medicated Someone who overeats gets therapy or surgery to feel full after eating a small meal because stomache is stapled - lose hundreds of pounds Would be called a glutton Given methadone to treat heroin addiction o Medicalization of deviance replaced moral aspects o Redfined what is bad as sickness o Medical and psychiatric establishments o Past: responsible for our own deviance, today people are not held responsible for deviance because deviance is assumed to be involuntary Seven Deadly Sins: Pride Envy Gluttony Lust Anger Greed Sloth How does psychiatry and medicine get control of our lives? Interest groups have been able to influence what gets labeled and delabelled o Not based on science, but other considerations o Before 1974, homosexuality was considered to be a psychiatric disorder for more than a century o Diagnostic and statistic manual of mental disorders (DSM) – produced by psychiatrists where mental disorders are listed o Homosexuality was found here in the past o Label dropped after 1974 because condition was more widespread than ever before making it more visible o Gay and lesbian activist groups tried to get rid of stigma associated with homosexuality and lobbied – make presentations before psychiatric groups when revising the DSM o Didn’t have evidence that homosexuality was a mental disorder, so psychiatrists dropped it from DSM 1978 – Neuroces was a mental disorder, but dropped o Mother with neuroces was cleaning leaves on an apple tree in the back yard with windex and Kleenex o Obsessed about cleanliness o Concerned about security – check windows and doors 500 times before sleeping to see if they’re locked o DSM got rid of neuroces as a mental disorder o Freudian: psychotherapy  Psychoanalysts: people who practice Freudian psychotherapy  When heard DSM was going to drop Neuroces – loss of business, threatened to sue American psychiatrist association, so they backed down  Nothing to do with science, but cultural forces Post-traumatic stress disorder o War soldiers from Vietnam returning home had problems coping as they weren’t treated as heroes, but were called names o Hard to find jobs during 1974 recession o Veterans had problems adjusting due to war o Ex – veterans started a national campaign urging APA to recognize post traumatic stress disorder o DSM resisted at first, but gave in later o PTSD – recognized as a mental disorder, but no evidence (controversial) o Veterans wanted this label because they tried to obtain compensation from the U.S government o Any injury you pick up during war can be compensated by government o Once PTSD labeled as mental disorder, funding received from government  Politics, not science was responsible! Self-defeating personality disorder o 1987 DSM listed as mental disorder o Feminists objected because women shouldn’t be blamed for this disorder and was like blaming the victim, society and patriarchy is to blame – ideological statement, not clinical o Women are twice as likely to get this more than man o 1994 DSM dropped self-defeating personality disorder (delabelled) o Elevates importance of medication and psychiatry, eliminating psychotherapy o Political forces, social values are responsible for labeling and delabeling Psychology: cannot draw the line between mentally healthy and mentally non-healthy people o We’re all slightly neurotic ex. Everything must be orderly, but able to cope with and does not make you dysfunctional and does not disturb others o Dividing line between normal behavior and unhealthy behavior is unclear, leaving room for other forces to enter into the picture o 20 century: federal government of Canada recognized 1 mental disorder, inbecility/insanity o 1994 – 207 mental disorders recognized….keeps growing o 2001- 1 in 5 canadians will suffer from mental disorders in their life, most common being depression
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