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MSL 24

Course Code
Mc Kinon

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Ch. 24 – Who Rules AmericaMSL
American upper classmust exist as a set of interrelated social institutions
oPatterned ways of organizing lives of its members from infancy to old age
Upper class persists with littler change over several generations
Four different types of empirical studies establish the existence of an interrelated set of social
institutions, organizations, and social activities
oHistorical case studies, quantitative studies of biographical directories, open-ended
surveys of knowledgeable observers, and interview studies with members of the upper
middle and upper classes
Children of upper class gain special representation from kindergarten. They go to private
elementary school, private high school, and go to Ivey universities or private universities (they
probably dont even get to see public schools)
Randall Collinsschools teach vocabulary & infection, styles of dress, aesthetic tastes, values
and manners
Upper class children attend summer camps, take on different languages, have a tutor, take travel
tours, and broaden their prospective and social skills
Boarding schoolsbecome surrogate familiescreate an upper-class subculture
oDifferent use of language - principals are head masters, students are forms not grades
oWear uniforms
oBuilding of character
oHighly effective socializing agent that sociologist Erving Goffman calls total
institutionstheir isolated from the world and follow routines and traditions
oWith all the distinctive behaviour, they are made to feel behaviour
The children go on in usually business related fields (finance, corporate law firms)
Social clubs:
Play a major role in differentiating upper class people from regular society
Baltzellthe clubs are probably replacing the brotherhood and clan that used to exist; places the
adult members in hierarchy
Ex: downtown mens club, yacht club,
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