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Midterm

SOCA02H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Anita Hill, Floyd Patterson, Flight Attendant


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Sheldon Ungar
Study Guide
Midterm

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Sociology Semester 2
Lecture 1
Brym: Chapter 10: Race and Ethnic: Apply to sports and social control
Social Control and Race
Afro Americans: experience special racism
Arthur Ash: Bigger court than his opponents playing tennis
Social isolated
This is breaking down now, in the year 2000, intermarriage rates prove how well a race is accepted in society.
African Americans do not have a lot of interracial marriages
Sport and Social Mobility
Minorities overrepresented in sport
o Why are minorities typically overrepresented?
o Because they lack other opportunities
o Because performance is easily measured
Boxing
o Oldest sport, bronze age pottery
o Byron = boxing favourite of aristocrats = sport of the aristocrats, they hired boxers and watched
boxing.
o Downhill since because of political correctness = horrible, bad
o Lower class sport
Heavyweight Champ
o Pinnacle of the sport form the underclass
o Given leeway: excuse/neutralize, tolerate deviance
o Immigrants were boxers
African American Champions
Create fear and increased social control
Created ambivalence
They did not stop itfor 18-20 rounds
Boxing History
1. Jack johnsonn
2. 30 years before any black have any shots to win
3. Joe Louis and Floyd Patterson
4. Sonny Liston
5. Ali: was not carrying the white mans name
6. He is hated
Great White Hope
Vs. Larry homes
Jerry Cooney, never much of a contender
Larry homes never made the cover
Rubin “Hurricane” Carter
2- years in jail
Wrongfully convicted triple murder
Thrown out by US supreme court
He was in the vicinity where it took place and was convicted because he was BLACK
Afro Americans and Social Control
Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill
o He is now a supreme court justice, and she accused him for sexual harassment

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Michael Jackson
Rodney King
o LA guy who got his head in the middle of 32343 cops’ punches. They beat the crap out of him and the
police were found innocent.
OJ Simpson
Kobe Bryant
Homicide Rates
The vast majority of homicide VICTIMS: black males
Jail US
1/3 Afro American men in prison, parole or probation
Police Racial Profiling
Against blacks is huge
They claim it’s a huge problem in Toronto
There seems to be a degree of racial profiling
Young black youth in a Lexus: where did you steal the car?
IN parts of new york city, blacks cannot get a taxi
Afro Americans and Music
The good and acceptable black
The ones white can tolerate
This is a time of heavy racism
There was a whole series of late 40s and 50s of black music genres that fed into rock and roll (rhythm and
blues, SOME country and western, gospel music)
Segregated music radio
White singers TAKE the music from the black music
o Elvis was the first one to make the most music with black music
White singers do black music
MOTOWN: non sexual, non threatening music
Michael Jackson
Rap
Race
Little to no biological or genetic basis left
Exists because people treat races different (social construction)
Ethnic Groups
Descendants of the same ancestors
Share some cultural traits
Interact together and aware of their own ties
Seek to define membership and maintain boundaries
They are like trbal identities
They are recognized by others
The vertical mosaic: John Porter
Ethnic groups occupy unequal positions n the stratification system
Prejudice
Unfavourable generalizations applied to members of a group
Stereotypes, attitudes..
Prejudice is within your mind not a display of behaviour
Disicrimination

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Practices that deny members of particular group equal access to social opportunities and rewards behaviours
Individual vs. institutional
Institution discriminating against a certain group, they have a lot of power
BRYM: **** Types of ethnic and racial group relations
AN attitude that doesn’t manifest itself isn’t a problem compared to bejaviour
Discrimination in Canada
How do we compare with the US?
Germany japan france..
Jews: Overt discrimination
Restricted admissions to universities and professions**
Jews were kept out of elite circles
1950s beaches sign: No dogs or jews allowed
Blacks: slavery in Canada
Compared to US.. ended earlier
We had the UNDERGORUND railway
European influence got rid of the slavery
Then ongoing prejudice
Now increased standing
Continuing barriers
Chinese
Biggest nonwhite group in Canada
Interesting history
First came here as railway workers
1885-1923 head tax
Plus legal restrictions
Anti Asian riots 1887 and 1907
Chinese exclusion act of 1923
o The Chinese Immigration Act, 1923, known in the Chinese Canadian community as the Chinese
Exclusion Act,[1] was an act passed by the Parliament of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese
immigration to Canada. Immigration from most countries was controlled or restricted in some way,
but only the Chinese were so completely prohibited from immigrating.
Role of split labour market
Now: Markham malls. Chinese immigrants. Chinese taking over
How do we compare?
Canada vs us
Multiculturalism VS melting pot
Canada is far less violent
As polite racists
VS GERMANY AND JAPAN
o Are non immigration societies
o Third generation non citizens
Forced prostitutes, always discriminated against
Racism in public discourse
All purpose invalidating charge
That’s racist.. this is a racist society
“hate speech, hate acts
ROUTINELY MISUSED, used often (public speech, of what is racist)
Applied too readily
Misunderstood
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