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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

Sociology Semester 2 Lecture 1 Brym: Chapter 10: Race and Ethnic: Apply to sports and social control Social Control and Race  Afro Americans: experience special racism  Arthur Ash: Bigger court than his opponents playing tennis  Social isolated  This is breaking down now, in the year 2000, intermarriage rates prove how well a race is accepted in society. African Americans do not have a lot of interracial marriages Sport and Social Mobility  Minorities overrepresented in sport o Why are minorities typically overrepresented? o Because they lack other opportunities o Because performance is easily measured  Boxing o Oldest sport, bronze age pottery o Byron = boxing favourite of aristocrats = sport of the aristocrats, they hired boxers and watched boxing. o Downhill since because of political correctness = horrible, bad o Lower class sport  Heavyweight Champ o Pinnacle of the sport form the underclass o Given leeway: excuse/neutralize, tolerate deviance o Immigrants were boxers African American Champions  Create fear and increased social control  Created ambivalence  They did not stop itfor 18-20 rounds Boxing History 1. Jack johnsonn 2. 30 years before any black have any shots to win 3. Joe Louis and Floyd Patterson 4. Sonny Liston 5. Ali: was not carrying the white mans name 6. He is hated Great White Hope  Vs. Larry homes  Jerry Cooney, never much of a contender  Larry homes never made the cover Rubin “Hurricane” Carter  2- years in jail  Wrongfully convicted triple murder  Thrown out by US supreme court  He was in the vicinity where it took place and was convicted because he was BLACK Afro Americans and Social Control  Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill o He is now a supreme court justice, and she accused him for sexual harassment  Michael Jackson  Rodney King o LA guy who got his head in the middle of 32343 cops’ punches. They beat the crap out of him and the police were found innocent.  OJ Simpson  Kobe Bryant Homicide Rates  The vast majority of homicide VICTIMS: black males Jail US 1/3 Afro American men in prison, parole or probation Police Racial Profiling  Against blacks is huge  They claim it’s a huge problem in Toronto  There seems to be a degree of racial profiling  Young black youth in a Lexus: where did you steal the car?  IN parts of new york city, blacks cannot get a taxi Afro Americans and Music  The good and acceptable black  The ones white can tolerate  This is a time of heavy racism  There was a whole series of late 40s and 50s of black music genres that fed into rock and roll (rhythm and blues, SOME country and western, gospel music)  Segregated music radio  White singers TAKE the music from the black music o Elvis was the first one to make the most music with black music  White singers do black music  MOTOWN: non sexual, non threatening music  Michael Jackson  Rap Race  Little to no biological or genetic basis left  Exists because people treat races different (social construction) Ethnic Groups  Descendants of the same ancestors  Share some cultural traits  Interact together and aware of their own ties  Seek to define membership and maintain boundaries  They are like trbal identities  They are recognized by others The vertical mosaic: John Porter Ethnic groups occupy unequal positions n the stratification system Prejudice  Unfavourable generalizations applied to members of a group  Stereotypes, attitudes..  Prejudice is within your mind not a display of behaviour Disicrimination  Practices that deny members of particular group equal access to social opportunities and rewards behaviours  Individual vs. institutional  Institution discriminating against a certain group, they have a lot of power  BRYM: **** Types of ethnic and racial group relations  AN attitude that doesn’t manifest itself isn’t a problem compared to bejaviour Discrimination in Canada  How do we compare with the US?  Germany japan france.. Jews: Overt discrimination Restricted admissions to universities and professions**  Jews were kept out of elite circles  1950s beaches sign: No dogs or jews allowed Blacks: slavery in Canada Compared to US.. ended earlier  We had the UNDERGORUND railway  European influence got rid of the slavery  Then ongoing prejudice  Now increased standing  Continuing barriers Chinese  Biggest nonwhite group in Canada  Interesting history  First came here as railway workers  1885-1923 head tax  Plus legal restrictions  Anti Asian riots 1887 and 1907  Chinese exclusion act of 1923 o The Chinese Immigration Act, 1923, known in the Chinese Canadian community as the Chinese Exclusion Act,[1] was an act passed by the Parliament of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese immigration to Canada. Immigration from most countries was controlled or restricted in some way, but only the Chinese were so completely prohibited from immigrating.  Role of split labour market  Now: Markham malls. Chinese immigrants. Chinese taking over How do we compare? Canada vs us  Multiculturalism VS melting pot  Canada is far less violent  As polite racists  VS GERMANY AND JAPAN o Are non immigration societies o Third generation non citizens  Forced prostitutes, always discriminated against Racism in public discourse  All purpose invalidating charge  That’s racist.. this is a racist society  “hate speech, hate acts”  ROUTINELY MISUSED, used often (public speech, of what is racist)  Applied too readily  Misunderstood  No consensus over definition  Only apply to whites or groups in power Extreme Positions  It’s not racist. It occurred before racism was bad. Example that fits  Canada’s aboriginal peoples  Internal colonialism  Expulsion, genocide Expanding on structural barriers  Perniciousness of racism  Directed against group  Opportunity structure (timing)  Family structure Rapid change in Canada in 1960! Immigrant population by place of birth and time of immigrant  We were once a white country th January 17 Lecture 2 Gender Inequality: Grasping the amount of inequality and explaining  Refers to differences between women and men in the distribution of power income and prestige Patriarchy  Implies male domination and female subordination evident in all social relations Historical perspective  Gender inequality older than class inequality o Most hunting and gathering societies: a male perspective o Males were dominant o Not all but early anthropology is done by males o They were stronger, had more status and prestige, got more food and hunted  VS. Net hunting o Women more equal than usually assumed o Males could not hunt them on their own o Believe females did gathering as well, they may have provided more protein and calories than men did o Therefore, females deserve more credit How study gender inequality? Women not brought in boats, conquered or colonized  Not segregated  Faced legal restrictions: 50s: not to vote, cannot buy their own property, no credit card without a male signature Can we use a job model?  Women allocated to the private sphere (Home) o Women didn’t earn any wages in the private sphere for working in the home o The choice for being a housewife was in the private sphere o Men the public sphere (working world)  Women have more economic dependence on men o Fathers then spouse o More part time work o Occupational segregation (pink collar – women’s jobs, a kind of job women did)  Jobs model didn’t work very well Women: less than 20 percent worked in the 40s Female Labour Force Participation  Female labour force participation rose because of o Increased demand for service workers o A decrease in the average number of children per family o Increased financial pressures on families o Necessary for middle class standing o Middle class income = requires two incomes: male and female Occupational gender segregation  Women typically do jobs that involve caregiving or household type management functions  There’s some small male nurses  Occupational sex segregation has decreased since the 1960s o Flight attendant: Single women were hired, if you were pregnant you were fired o They hired people under 30  Married women are not as successful and single women  Never married do as well as male figures Status  Women as lower status then men o Defer more o Less recognition o Lower status jobs  Women’s status in broader society determined more by males (this is all changing) Power  Women as powerless in broader society  VERSUS HOME (domestic sphere)  Even when the man comes home with the money, the men would come home and the wife would handle the money  She wasn’t necessarily powerless, she controlled the finances Unequal Life Chances  Abortion, female fetuses are
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