science method/approach restricted to answer all questions of life; cannot answer ultimate questions. what happens to us when we die? religion. biggest problem for sociological research is the experience filters our perceptions. experience helps us determine how we perceive reality & influences: experience filters our perception, helps us determine how we see and don"t see in the world. 4 stages to filtering (in sociological research: researcher"s values help them decide which problems are worth investigating. even in natural science, it"s hard to eliminate biases. In everyday life, our biases easily influence our observations. sociologists have t ried to develop ways of collecting, observing and thinking about evidence that minimizes biased conclusions but have only marginal success in doing so. descriptive data: not trying to show, not trying to explain how a causes b, but just t rying to present b as it exists.