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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
Winter

Description
Experience helps determine how we perceive reality including what patterns we see and whether we are able to see patterns at all Experience filters perceptionsthe single biggest problems for sociological researchFiltering occurs in 4 stages 1 Our values often help us decide which problems are worth investigating Values class race gender region historical period2 Our values lead us to formulate and adopt favoured theories for interpreting and explaining those problems 3 Sociologists interpretations are influenced by previous research 4 The methods we use to gather data mould our perceptions ValuesTheoriesPrevious researchmethodsReality Values theories previous research and research methods filter our perceptions we can never perceive society in a pure or objective formA healthy tension pervades all sociological scholarshipResearchers generally tend to be objective in order to perceive reality as clearly as possibleThe Research Cycle 6 steps 1 The sociologist must formulate a questions 2 Review the existing research literature 3 Select a research method 4 Collect data 5 Analyze the data 6 Report results Field research is research based on the observation of people in their natural settingsDetached observation an approach that involves clarifying and counting the behaviour of interest according to a
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