12 Pages
Unlock Document

Malcolm Mac Kinnon

MAPPING THE SOCIAL LANDSCAPE50Civilize Them with a Stick Mary Crow Dog Richard ErdoesMary crow Dog and Richard Erdoes reveal how the institution of education can be an agent of social control whose purpose is to assimilate racialethnic populations such as Native Americans into the dominant culture Crow Dog is a Native American activist and Erdoes is the ghostwriter of her autobiographyEven now when the typical Indian boarding school are much improved the shock to the child upon arrival is still tremendous In the old days nature was our peoples only school and they needed no other life in the tipi circle was harmoniousuntil the whiskey peddlers arrived with their wagons and barrels of Injun whiskeyThe schools were intended as an alternative to the outright extermination seriously advocated by generals Sherman and Sheridan as well as by most settlers and prospectors overrunning our land kids were taken away from their villages and pueblos sometimes for as long as ten years and coming back caricatures of white people when they found out that they were neither wanted by whites nor by Indians they got good and drunk many of them staying drunk for the rest of their livesThe people who were stuck upon solving the Indian Problem by making us into whites retreated from this position only step by step in the wake of Indian protestsThe mission school at St Francis was a curse for our family for generations the school is now run by the BIAthe Bureau of Indian Affairs all I got out of school was being taught how to pray I did not escape my share of the leather strap A strange young white girl named Wise was from New York and was the first real hippie or Yippie we had come across she told us of people called the Black Panthers Young Lords and Weathermen she said Black people are getting it on Indians are getting it on in St Paul and CaliforniaWhy dont you put out an underground paper mimeograph it we put together a newspaper which we called the Red PantherGirls who were nearwhite who came from what the nuns called nice families got preferential treatment the school therefore fostered fights and antagonism between whites and breeds and between breeds and skins52Bad Boys Public Schools in the Making of Black Masculinity Ann Arnett FergusonIllustrates how schools socially produce and reproduce race and social class distinctions in the US in so doing schools are an important agent of social reproductionthey socially reproduce social inequalities that maintain social stratification schools also produce and reproduce gender distinctions found in societyThis selection examines the effects gender and racial stereotyping have on African American school boys Ferguson explores why African American boys are more labeled as troublemakers than are other gender or racialethnic groups of childrenWhat I observed at Rosa Parks during more than three years of fieldwork in the school heard from the boy Lamar himself from his teachers from his mother made it clear that just as children were tracked into futures as doctors scientists engineers word processors and fastfood workers there were also tracks for some children predominantly African American and male that led to prison this reading tells the story of the making of these bad boys not by members of the criminal justice system on street corners or in shopping malls or video arcades but in and by school through punishment it is an account of the power of institutions to create shape and regulate social identities In the course of my study it became clear that school labeling practices and the exercise of rules operated as part of a hidden curriculum to marginalize and isolate black male youth in disciplinary spaces and brand them as criminally inclinedDreamsThis reading began with an anecdote about the schools vice principal identifying a small boy as someone who had a jailcell with his name on it I started with this story to illustrate how school personnel made predictive decisions about a childs future based on a whole ensemble of negative assumptions about African American males and their lifechances however the boys themselves had a decidedly optimistic view about their futureAs I scanned the written accounts of students dreams I became conscious of a striking pattern the overwhelming majority of the boys aspired to be professional athletes when they grew up the reasons they gave for this choice were remarkably similar the sport was something they were good at it was work they would enjoy doing and they would make a lot of moneyA survey by Northeastern Universitys Center for the Study of Sport in Society found that twothirds of African American males between the ages of thirteen and eighteen believe they can earn a living playing professional sports nor is this national pattern for black youth really surprising for African American males disengagement from the schools agenda for approval and success is a psychic survival mechanism so imagining a future occupation for which schooling seems irrelevant is eminently rational a career as a professional athlete represents the possibility of attaining success in terms of the dominant society via a path that makes schooling seem immaterial while at the same time affirming central aspects of identificationFor these youth efforts to attain highstatus occupations through academic channels are just as likely to fail given the conditions of their schooling and the unequal distribution of resources across school systems Nightmares
More Less

Related notes for SOCA02H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.