Textbook notes for all of SOCA02

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Chapter 13 Work and the Economy The Promise in the History of Work Salvation or Curse? -the computerization of the office began about 20 years ago -when office workers were asked to draw pictures capturing their job experience before-and- after computerization the pictures were very similarsmiles change to frowns -Bill Gates argues that computers reduce our work hours, make goods and services cheaper by removing many distribution costs of capitalism and allow us to enjoy at our leisure time more Three Revolutions -economy: the institution that organizes the production, distribution, and exchange of goods and services -the primary sector includes farming, fishing, logging, and mining a.k.a. agricultural -the secondary sector involves turning raw materials into finished goodsManufacturing -the tertiary sector is where services are bought and soldservice The Development of Agriculture -10,000 years ago people lived in nomadic tribes -people began to herd cattle and grow plants and stable human settlements spread -farmers invented the plow and productivity ( the amount of goods and services produced for every hour worked) sword -extracting of Staples [timber, mining, fishing] propelled early economic development in Canada The Development of Modern Industry -international exploration, trade, and commerce stimulated the growth of markets from the 15th century on -markets are social relations or regulate the exchange of goods and services. Any market, the prices of goods and services are established by supply and demand - manufacturing became the dominant economic sector - -although Canada began at the Staples economy, a stronger manufacturing sector gradually developed The Development of the Service Sector -as productivity increased service sector jobs proliferated -the rapid change in the composition of the labor force during the final decades of the 20th century was made possible in large part by the computer -it created jobs in the service sector as quickly as it eliminated them in manufacturing The Social Organization of Work -the agricultural and postindustrial revolutions altered the way work was socially organized -the division of labor ( and specialization of work tasks) increased -in some cases increasing the division of labor involves creating new skills and in other cases, the increasing over the WaveBurner involves breaking a complex range of skills into a series of simple routines -the division of labor increased social relations among workers also changedwork relations became more hierarchical www.notesolution.com
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