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2.pdf


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Name Chapter 2--How Sociologists Do Research
Description
Instructions Modify
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Question 1 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
The example of OTTFFSSENT demonstrates that:
Answer our understanding of reality is shaped by our experience
children always know best
reality is objectively known
our experiences do not influence how we see the world
there is no pattern to social life
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Question 2 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
According to Brym and Lie, the single biggest problem for sociological research is ____.
Answer being taken seriously by non-sociologists
acquiring resources to support the research because sociological research is expensive
that experience filters perceptions of reality
that values do not influence the choice of research
none of these choices
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Question 3 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
Which of the following filters perceptions and ensures that we never perceive society in a pure or objective form?
Answer values
theories
previous research
research methods
all of these choices
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Question 4 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
Dr. Shelter is interested in the problem of homelessness. He decides to study homelessness because he is personally
moved by the social problem. Dr. Shelter's choice of research topic is based on which of the following?
Answer Values
Theories
Methods
Bias
Science
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Question 5 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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One of the problems in gathering data in social research is:
Answer Values
Theories
Methods
Bias
Science
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Question 6 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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One of the means of dealing with bias in sociological research is:
Answer privately reflecting on one's ideas
publicly acknowledging interests that influence our perceptions
conversing with students about sociological research
avoiding the sociological literature on the subject
none of these choices
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Question 7 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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Which classic sociologist wrote about "value-relevance of research?"
Answer Emile Durkheim

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C.W. Mills
August Comte
Max Weber
Harriet Martineau
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Question 8 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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Which of the following is usually the first step in the research cycle?
Answer selecting a research method
reviewing the literature
formulating a research question
collecting data
none of these choices
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Question 9 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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The attempt to observe a social milieu objectively and take part in the activities being observed is called:
Answer the Hawthorne effect
participant observation
validation
surveying
experimentation
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Question 10 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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The question of whether researcher A would interpret or measure a variable in the same way as researcher B is a
question of:
Answer reliability
validity
generalizability
causality
accuracy
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Question 11 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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The question of whether a researcher's interpretations are accurate, that is, whether his or her measurements measure
what they are supposed to measure, is a question of:
Answer reliability
validity
generalizability
causality
accuracy
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Question 12 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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The question of whether a researcher's findings apply beyond the specific case examined is a question of:
Answer reliability
validity
generalizability
causality
accuracy
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Question 13 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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In experiments, members of experimental and control groups are selected using:
Answer sampling frames
representative samples
probability samples
randomization techniques
baseline community drawing
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Question 14 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove

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Question
When researchers introduce an independent variable to an experimental group in the normal course of social life, this is
called:
Answer a random chance experiment
a field experiment
a value based experiment
post-experimental research
a direct sample experiment
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Question 15 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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To be included in a representative sample, respondents must:
Answer select themselves
be selected according to whether the researcher considers them appropriate subjects
not appear in a sampling frame
have an unknown and zero chance of being selected from a sampling frame
none of these choices
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Question 16 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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Knowledge based on the assumption about the past that may or may not be accurate is known as:
Answer sociological thinking
scientific thinking
traditional thinking
social thinking
formal thinking
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Question 17 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
A community holds a parade every year after which area farmers are then allowed to plant their lands. While the parade
does not influence the growing season in any demonstrable way, the community believes that a good parade does
positively influence the crop yields. This would be an example of:
Answer sociological thinking
scientific thinking
traditional thinking
social thinking
formal thinking
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Question 18 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
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Two observers standing on a street corner saw an automobile accident. While both observers witnessed the same event,
they disagreed over which driver was responsible for the accident. This is an example of knowledge based on:
Answer selective observation
casual observation
direct observation
indirect observation
participant observation
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Question 19 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
A neighbor talking to others in a community said that all members of the working class prefer to wear blue jeans rather
than slacks. He said this because all working class people whom he knew wore jeans. This statement is an example of
knowledge based on:
Answer overgeneralization
generalization
the exception to the rule
qualification
illogical reasoning
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Question 20 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove
Question
Someone who would ignore contradictory evidence because they challenge cherished beliefs is creating their ideas
from what kind of observation?
Answer selective observation
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