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RELIGION SELECTED KEY TERMS DEFINITIONS FROM LECTURES FOR FINAL

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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RELIGION SELECTED KEY TERMS
DEFINITIONS
Thomas Theorem: a theory of sociology which was formulated by W. I. Thomas during the
year 1928. In other words, the interpretation of a situation causes the action. This interpretation is
not objective. Actions are affected by subjective perceptions of situations. Whether there even is
an objectively correct interpretation is not important for the purposes of helping guide
individuals' behaviour.
Vale of Tears: a phrase based upon the Christian religion that refers to Earthly sorrows that are
to be left behind when one enters heaven. "Vale" means a valley or a dale. The phrase comes
from the Latin in Psalm 83:7 in the Vulgate Bible: "in valle lacrimarum ..." (in the vale of
tears ...). It implies that the wickedness of the world makes it dark and reprieve comes only from
divine salvation.
Black Plague: the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when
it killed nearly half the people of western Europe.
Chattel: any article of tangible property other than land, buildings, and other things annexed to
land.
Other Worldly: of or relating to an imaginary or spiritual world.
This-Worldly: distinguished by or relating to material or earthly concerns; not spiritual or
concerned with life in a future or imaginary world.
Bereavement Counselling: another term for grief counselling.
Grief Counsellors: the expulsion or attempted expulsion of an evil spirit from a person or place.
Psychotherapists: a therapist who deals with mental and emotional disorders.
Ordain: to invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; confer holy orders upon.
Tsunami: an unusually large sea wave produced by a seaquake or undersea volcanic eruption.
Jesuits: a member of a Roman Catholic religious order (Society of Jesus) founded by Ignatius of
Loyola in 1534.
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Roman Catholicism: the faith, practice, and system of government of the Roman Catholic
Church.
Apostasy: a total desertion of or departure from one's religion, principles, party, cause, etc.
Anglicanism: the doctrines, principles, or system of the Anglican Church.
Protestantism: is one of the three major divisions (Catholicism, Orthodoxy, and Protestantism)
within Christianity.
Islam: is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion characterized by the acceptance of the doctrine of
submission to Allah (God) and the Prophet Muhammad as the chief and last prophet of God.
Sharia Law: is the code of conduct or religious law of Islam.
Canon Law: is the body of laws and regulations made or adopted by ecclesiastical authority, for
the government of the Christian organization and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law
governing the Catholic Church (both Latin Rite and Eastern Catholic Churches), the Eastern and
Oriental Orthodox churches, and the Anglican Communion of churches.
Civil Law: is a legal system inspired by Roman law, the primary feature of which is that laws are
written into a collection, codified, and not (as in common law) determined by judges.
Common Law: is law developed by judges through decisions of courts and similar tribunals
rather than through legislative statutes or executive branch action.
Theocracy: a form of government in which god or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil
ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.
Presbyterian: pertaining to or based on the principle of ecclesiastical government by presbyters
or presbyteries.
Methodists: a member of the largest Christian denomination that grew out of the revival of
religion led by John Wesley: stresses both personal and social morality and has an Arminian
doctrine and, in the U.S., a modified episcopal polity.
United Church: are churches formed from the merger or other form of union of two or more
different Protestant denominations.
Hinduism: the common religion of India with many schools of philosophy and theology, many
popular cults, and a large pantheon symbolizing the many attributes of a single god. Buddhism
and Jainism are outside the Hindu tradition but are regarded as related religions.
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Description
RELIGION SELECTED KEY TERMS DEFINITIONS Thomas Theorem: a theory of sociology which was formulated by W. I. Thomas during the year 1928. In other words, the interpretation of a situation causes the action. This interpretation is not objective. Actions are affected by subjective perceptions of situations. Whether there even is an objectively correct interpretation is not important for the purposes of helping guide individuals behaviour. Vale of Tears: a phrase based upon the Christian religion that refers to Earthly sorrows that are to be left behind when one enters heaven. Vale means a valley or a dale. The phrase comes from the Latin in Psalm 83:7 in the Vulgate Bible: in valle lacrimarum ... (in the vale of tears ...). It implies that the wickedness of the world makes it dark and reprieve comes only from divine salvation. Black Plague: the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe. Chattel: any article of tangible property other than land, buildings, and other things annexed to land. Other Worldly: of or relating to an imaginary or spiritual world. This-Worldly: distinguished by or relating to material or earthly concerns; not spiritual or concerned with life in a future or imaginary world. Bereavement Counselling: another term for grief counselling. Grief Counsellors: the expulsion or attempted expulsion of an evil spirit from a person or place. Psychotherapists: a therapist who deals with mental and emotional disorders. Ordain: to invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; confer holy orders upon. Tsunami: an unusually large sea wave produced by a seaquake or undersea volcanic eruption. Jesuits: a member of a Roman Catholic religious order (Society of Jesus) founded by Ignatius of Loyola in 1534. www.notesolution.com
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