Environmental Eschatology: it may be short on theology, but it’s long on nightmarish
apocalyptic visions of eco-disasters with technology taking the place of vice, industry replacing
sodomy, and excessive use of water and power taking the place of debauchery.
Donella Meadows, Limits of Growth, 1972: a book modeling the consequences of a rapidly
growing world population and finite resource supplies, commissioned by the Club of Rome.
Apocalypse: The complete final destruction of the world, esp. as described in the biblical book
Perfectibility: capable of becoming or of being made perfect; improvable.
Malthusian Pessimists: highly vocal, followers of Malthus who are continually expecting the
world to run out of resources.
Biofuels: fuel, as wood or ethanol, derived from biomass.
Speculative: pertaining to, of the nature of, or characterized by speculation, contemplation,
conjecture, or abstract reasoning.
Holocaust: The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45.
More than 6 million European Jews, as well as members of other persecuted groups, such as
gypsies and homosexuals, were murdered at concentration camps such as Auschwitz.
Pestilence: a deadly or virulent epidemic disease.
Millennium: a period of 1000 years.
Armageddon: (in the New Testament) The last battle between good and evil before the Day of
Thorstein Veblen, “planned obsolescence”: a policy of producing consumer goods that rapidly
become obsolete and so require replacing, achieved by frequent changes in design, termination of
the supply of spare parts, and the use of nondurable materials.
Swords into Plow Shears: a concept in which military weapons or technologies are converted
for peaceful civilian applications.
Adam’s Mine, Kirkland Lake: an abandoned open pit iron ore mine located in the Boston
Township of the District of Timiskaming, 11 km (6.8 mi) south of Kirkland Lake in the Canadian
province of Ontario. It is situated on the Canadian Shield.
Recycle: to treat or process (used or waste materials) so as to make suitable for reuse.