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Final

ENVIRONMENT SELECTED KEY TERMS DEFINITIONS FOR FINAL

5 Pages
102 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Study Guide
Final

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ENVIRONMENT SELECTED KEY TERMS
DEFINITIONS
Sierra Club: the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organization in
the United States.
Green Peace: a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 40 countries
and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Horticultural: the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery.
Pastoral: having the simplicity, charm, serenity, or other characteristics generally attributed to
rural areas.
Agrarian: relating to land, land tenure, or the division of landed property.
Throwaway Society: a human society strongly influenced by consumerism. The term describes
a critical view of over-consumption and excessive production of short-lived or disposable items.
Mt. St. Helens: an active volcano in the Cascade Range in southwestern Washington.
Exxon Valdez: was the original name of an oil tanker owned by the former Exxon Shipping
Company, a division of the former Exxon Corporation.
Modern Day Cassandras:
Conspicuous Consumption: a term used to describe the lavish spending on goods and services
acquired mainly for the purpose of displaying income or wealth.
Thames: a major river flowing through southern England.
Clyde: a river in western central Scotland that flows for 106 miles (170 km) from the southern
uplands to the Firth of Clyde.
Enlightenment: the action of enlightening or the state of being enlightened.
Deadly Sin of Avarice: a classification of objectionable vices that have been used since early
Christian times to educate and instruct followers concerning fallen humanity's tendency to sin.
Carbon Offsets: a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases made in order
to compensate for or to offset an emission made elsewhere.
www.notesolution.com
Environmental Eschatology: it may be short on theology, but its long on nightmarish
apocalyptic visions of eco-disasters with technology taking the place of vice, industry replacing
sodomy, and excessive use of water and power taking the place of debauchery.
Donella Meadows, Limits of Growth, 1972: a book modeling the consequences of a rapidly
growing world population and finite resource supplies, commissioned by the Club of Rome.
Apocalypse: The complete final destruction of the world, esp. as described in the biblical book
of Revelation.
Perfectibility: capable of becoming or of being made perfect; improvable.
Malthusian Pessimists: highly vocal, followers of Malthus who are continually expecting the
world to run out of resources.
Biofuels: fuel, as wood or ethanol, derived from biomass.
Speculative: pertaining to, of the nature of, or characterized by speculation, contemplation,
conjecture, or abstract reasoning.
Holocaust: The mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime during the period 1941–45.
More than 6 million European Jews, as well as members of other persecuted groups, such as
gypsies and homosexuals, were murdered at concentration camps such as Auschwitz.
Pestilence: a deadly or virulent epidemic disease.
Millennium: a period of 1000 years.
Armageddon: (in the New Testament) The last battle between good and evil before the Day of
Judgment.
Thorstein Veblen, “planned obsolescence”: a policy of producing consumer goods that rapidly
become obsolete and so require replacing, achieved by frequent changes in design, termination of
the supply of spare parts, and the use of nondurable materials.
Swords into Plow Shears: a concept in which military weapons or technologies are converted
for peaceful civilian applications.
Adam’s Mine, Kirkland Lake: an abandoned open pit iron ore mine located in the Boston
Township of the District of Timiskaming, 11 km (6.8 mi) south of Kirkland Lake in the Canadian
province of Ontario. It is situated on the Canadian Shield.
Recycle: to treat or process (used or waste materials) so as to make suitable for reuse.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
ENVIRONMENT SELECTED KEY TERMS DEFINITIONS Sierra Club: the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organization in the United States. Green Peace: a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over 40 countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, Netherlands. Horticultural: the cultivation of a garden, orchard, or nursery. Pastoral: having the simplicity, charm, serenity, or other characteristics generally attributed to rural areas. Agrarian: relating to land, land tenure, or the division of landed property. Throwaway Society: a human society strongly influenced by consumerism. The term describes a critical view of over-consumption and excessive production of short-lived or disposable items. Mt. St. Helens: an active volcano in the Cascade Range in southwestern Washington. Exxon Valdez: was the original name of an oil tanker owned by the former Exxon Shipping Company, a division of the former Exxon Corporation. Modern Day Cassandras: Conspicuous Consumption: a term used to describe the lavish spending on goods and services acquired mainly for the purpose of displaying income or wealth. Thames: a major river flowing through southern England. Clyde: a river in western central Scotland that flows for 106 miles (170 km) from the southern uplands to the Firth of Clyde. Enlightenment: the action of enlightening or the state of being enlightened. Deadly Sin of Avarice: a classification of objectionable vices that have been used since early Christian times to educate and instruct followers concerning fallen humanitys tendency to sin. Carbon Offsets: a reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide or greenhouse gases made in order to compensate for or to offset an emission made elsewhere. www.notesolution.com
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