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CRIME AND DEVIANCE SELECTED KEY TERMS DEFINITIONS FOR FINAL

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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CRIME AND DEVIANCE SELECTED KEY
TERMS DEFINITIONS
Repeat Offender: a person who has previously offended against the law, often someone who
may be deemed incorrigible.
Grand Theft Auto: the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle (such as
an automobile, truck, bus, coach, motorcycle, snowmobile, trailer).
Consensual Crimes: a public order crime that involves more than one participant, all of whom
give their consent as willing participants in an activity that is unlawful.
Vagrancy: the state of living as a vagrant; homelessness.
Entrapment: is when a law enforcement agent induces a person to commit an offense which the
person would otherwise have been unlikely to commit.
The “John”: a prostitute's client.
Edwin Sutherland: an American sociologist. He is considered as one of the most influential
criminologists of the twentieth century. He was a sociologist of the symbolic interactionist school
of thought and is best known for defining differential association which is a general theory of
crime and delinquency that explains how deviants come to learn the motivations and the
technical knowledge for deviant or criminal activity.
Mugging: attack and rob (someone) in a public place.
Copyright Infringement: Transmission, distribution, or storage of any information, data or
material in violation of United States or state regulation or law, or by the common law, is
prohibited.
Price Fixing: an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a
product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that
the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand.
Insider Trading: the illegal practice of trading on the stock exchange to one's own advantage
through having access to confidential information.
Forgery: the crime of falsely making or altering a writing by which the legal rights or
obligations of another person are apparently affected; simulated signing of another person's name
to any such writing whether or not it is also the forger's name.
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Fraud: deceit, trickery, sharp practice, or breach of confidence, perpetrated for profit or to gain
some unfair or dishonest advantage.
Embezzlement: Theft or misappropriation of funds placed in one's trust or belonging to one's
employer.
“Donnie Brasco”: a former Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agent who worked undercover
for six years infiltrating the Bonanno crime family and to a lesser extent the Colombo crime
family, two of the Five Families of the Mafia in New York City.
“Goodfellas”: a gangster, esp. a member of a Mafia family.
Italian Mafia: a Sicilian criminal society which is believed to have emerged in late 19th century
Sicily, and the first such society to be referred to as a mafia (although it is not the first organized
criminal society to appear in Italy).
Sicilian Cosa Nostra: a US criminal organization resembling and related to the Mafia.
Meyer Lanski: known as the "Mob's Accountant", was a Jewish-American organized crime
figure who, along with his associate Charles "Lucky" Luciano, was instrumental in the
development of the "National Crime Syndicate" in the United States.
Money Laundering: concealing the source of illegally gotten money.
Al Capone: was an American gangster who led a crime syndicate dedicated to smuggling and
bootlegging of liquor and other illegal activities during the Prohibition Era of the 1920s and
1930s.
Triads: a group of three, especially of three closely related persons or things.
Big Circle Boys: one of the major Chinese Organized Crime syndicates.
Kung Lok: apart of the 14K crime organization in Canada.
14K: a Chinese criminal organization.
Ghost Shadows: a Chinese American gang that was prominent in New York City's Chinatown
from the late 1980s through the early 1990s.
Drug Cartels: are criminal organizations developed with the primary purpose of promoting and
controlling drug trafficking operations.
Pablo Escobar: a Colombian drug lord.
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Description
CRIME AND DEVIANCE SELECTED KEY TERMS DEFINITIONS Repeat Offender: a person who has previously offended against the law, often someone who may be deemed incorrigible. Grand Theft Auto: the criminal act of stealing or attempting to steal a motor vehicle (such as an automobile, truck, bus, coach, motorcycle, snowmobile, trailer). Consensual Crimes: a public order crime that involves more than one participant, all of whom give their consent as willing participants in an activity that is unlawful. Vagrancy: the state of living as a vagrant; homelessness. Entrapment: is when a law enforcement agent induces a person to commit an offense which the person would otherwise have been unlikely to commit. The John: a prostitutes client. Edwin Sutherland: an American sociologist. He is considered as one of the most influential criminologists of the twentieth century. He was a sociologist of the symbolic interactionist school of thought and is best known for defining differential association which is a general theory of crime and delinquency that explains how deviants come to learn the motivations and the technical knowledge for deviant or criminal activity. Mugging: attack and rob (someone) in a public place. Copyright Infringement: Transmission, distribution, or storage of any information, data or material in violation of United States or state regulation or law, or by the common law, is prohibited. Price Fixing: an agreement between participants on the same side in a market to buy or sell a product, service, or commodity only at a fixed price, or maintain the market conditions such that the price is maintained at a given level by controlling supply and demand. Insider Trading: the illegal practice of trading on the stock exchange to ones own advantage through having access to confidential information. Forgery: the crime of falsely making or altering a writing by which the legal rights or obligations of another person are apparently affected; simulated signing of another persons name to any such writing whether or not it is also the forgers name. www.notesolution.com
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