second half of soc notes just the key terms from the book, put on a few pages for ease of access

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mc Kinon

Socio Exam Terms Power- Is the ability to impose ones will on others. Authority- Is legitimate, institutionalized power. Traditional Authority- The norm in tribal and feudal societies, involves rulers inheriting authority through family or clan ties. The right of a family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the will of god. Legal-Rational Authority- Is typical of modern societies. It derives from respect for the law. Laws specify how a person can achieve office. People generally believe these laws are rational. If someone achieves office by following these laws, people respect his or her authority. Charismatic Authority- Is based on belief in the claims of extraordinary individuals that they are inspired by a god or some higher principle. A Political Revolution- Is the overthrow of political institutions by an opposition movement and its replacement by new institution. The State- Consists of the institutions responsible for formulating and carrying out a countrys laws and public policies. Civil Society- Is the private sphere of social life. Authority- States sharply restrict citizen control of the state. Totalitarian State- Citizens lack almost any control of the state. Democracy- Citizens exercise a high degree of control over the state. They do this mainly by choosing representatives in regular, competitive elections. Political Parties- Are organizations that compete for control of government. In the process, they give voice to policy alternatives and rally adult citizens to vote. Lobbies- Are organizations formed by special interest groups to advise and influence Politians. The Mass Media- Are print, radio, television, and other communications technologies. In a democracy, the mass media help keep the public informed about the quality of government. Public Opinion- Refers to the values and attitudes of the adult population as a whole. Social Movements- Are collective attempts to change all or part of the political or social order by means of rioting, petitioning, striking, demonstrating, and establishing lobbies, unions, and
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