Sociology Midterm Notes
Lecture #1 – Jan 13th
Are all ways of life equally futile, or is it possible to live a “meaningful” life
- Experience filters perception
- Culture is selective perception
Four Stages of filtering in sociological research
Decide which problems are worth investigating
Lead researchers to formulate and adopt favoured theories for interpreting and explaining those problems
Interpretations are influenced by previous research
Methods used to gather data mould researchers’ perception
A sociologists values may reflect the typical perceptions
Biases easily influence observations
Biases often lead us to draw incorrect conclusions
Sociologists have tried to develp[ ways of collecting, observing, and thinking about evidence
Descriptive studies -> tells you what happened, descriptive
Descriptive -> Describing during a period of time
Static Descriptive -> describing something in a specific time (ex. 2008)
Explanatory Studies -> why things happen, ask why ?
1946 -> Baby Boom. 2nd World War
Building Blocks of Sociological Research – Micro vs. Macro
Concepts – label used to identify different things.
Alienation – “I have become comfortably numb”
Self – estrangement
You cant do research unless you vary the concept
Measurements – researchers use mental concepts/constructs (race, gender) some concepts have more than one value
(variables, height, wealth)
Hypotheses are tentative/provisional -> clear and precise
Social Integration -> social solidarity -> need to feel apart of something (DIRKHEIM)
Social Solidarity is weak in cities and strong in rural areas. Strong in traditional times, weak now a days.
Research Cycle = 1. Formulate Question -> 2. Review Literature -> 3. Select Method -> 4. Collect Data -> 5. Analyze
Data -> 6. Report Findings.