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Week 11


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB22H3
Professor
Ping- Chun Hsiung

Page:
of 6
Sociology and Gender Readings 11
What I Learned from the Montreal Massacre- Marc Lepine and
Me- Peter Eglin
Marc Lepine intended his actions to be a roadblock; took arms up against the
champions of womens right to equality, namely feminists
He saw in the women engineering students an exemplary case of women challenging
boundaries
Used ethnomethodology to examine versions of his actions
What extent was author a roadblock to equality, like Mark Lepine
What this man learned from his encounter with Lepine was
(1) that making out the culprit as deviant relieves one of his responsibility
(2) that demonizing the complainant leaves the problem unaddressed while
encouraging extremists
(3) that theres a troubling moral-emotional economy of/to sociological analysis
(4) that reifying gender categories is good intellection preparation for terrorism
AN ELABORATED ACCOUNT OF COMING TO TAKE UP THE QUESTION
Women were killed because they were treated as instances of a category; feminists
Women were killed because they were perceived as human rights activists
Murders were political killings
Was not retail terrorism
LESSON 1; MAKING OUT THE CULPRIT AS DEVIANT RELIEVES ONE OF HIS
RESPONSIBILITY
Parallel between panty raid and massacre; cultural practice of making-out-the-
culprit-as-deviant
A few bad crops took it too far by the blood and shit brigade on the panties
LESSON 2; DEMONIZING THE COMPLAINANT LEAVES THE PROBLEM
INADDRESSED WHILE ENCOURAGING EXTREMISTS
Its no accident that the Montreal murderer blamed feminists for his troubles, that
feminist and feminism have become demonized, and feminism has turned into a
dismissive insult, all the feminist issues are marginalized
LESSON 3: THERES A TROUBLING MORAL-EMOTIONAL ECONOMY OF/TO
SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
www.notesolution.com
Does the good of the analysis outweigh the moral/emotional costs?
Did not occur to author that reproduction of documents of Lepines speech could
induce alarm and fear in their female readers either or more after the event
Hard for author to understand fear his name evokes in women, or courage it takes to
oppose what he is said to represent
LESSON 4: REIFYING GENDER CATEGORIES IS GOOD INTELLECTUAL
PREPARATION FOR TERRORISM
Both parties build their arguments by assembling the categories men and ‘women
into a membership categorization device we may call gender assigning predicates
to those categories, then identifying and explaining persons acquisition in terms of
those categories and their predicates
This is not to imply that feminists are terrorists
Some of the respondent/commentator, employ a two-category collection we identified
as parties to revolution
Both parties conceptualize the political arena in terms of the immediately
asymmetric, standardized collectively relational pair namely government/citizens
The temptation of terror lies in just the perception that the avenues of political
action are blocked by the unavailability of any feasible means of peacefully
influencing government whether directly or via the people
ME AND MARC LEPINE
First there is anger
-author was angered at social and economic injustice in the world
Second is political method; disturbing to see formal similarity between my authors
exploit in the local corner store and his in the neighbouring university
Author hurt would-be beneficiaries (women) and his cause (womens equality); Marc
acted out of principle and ended up killing would-be beneficiary (himself) and
damaged his cause (anti-feminism)
Like him, author acted alone
Both are political actors
Followed Marc by adopting his practices of political conceptualization
Feminists is a term that may be imposed on people, whether they think they are
feminists or not
Secondly there is the practice of treating those to whom a category may be properly
applied to what is called a morally organized group
Construction invites the reader to see the tragedy’ as a matter relevant to the
relationship between women and women, man and man, and woman and man
www.notesolution.com
CONCLUSIONS: THE BURDEN OF THE LESSONS
Anonymizing and depersonalizing people, rendering them as instances of political
category for the purposes of acting towards them- these are the practices of
dehumanization that rationalize inhuman acts
Feminists or Postfeminists? Young Womens Attitudes toward
Feminism and Gender Relations
Such media pronouncements of the death of feminism rest on widespread
presumptions that young women do not appreciate gains made by the womens
movement, are not concerned about discrimination, and do not support feminism.
LITERATURE REVIEW: GROWING UP IN THE SHADOW OF THE WOMENS
MOVEMENT
four components of gender consciousness: identification (recognizing womens shared
interests), discontent (recognizing womens lack of power), assessment of legitimacy
(seeing gender disparities as illegitimate), and collective orientation (believing in
collective action)
Although women historically have become more critical of mens claims to power,
womens gender consciousness has been weaker than the group consciousness of
African Americans, the working class, and the elderly.
women, especially employed women, are often conscious of womens structural
disadvantage in the labor market
in the 80s, women in their teens and twenties were labelled as postfeminist
generation
The second-wave womens movement has simultaneously experienced great
successes and backlash. Successes include the maintenance of movement
organizations, as well as a broadly institutionalized and effective interest group,
with an institutional base in academia, particularly womens studies programs
Backlash is evident in a decline in grassroots mobilization and negative public
discourse by antifeminist organizations and media figures
Scholars have found that young women tend to be depoliticized and individualistic
and that few identify as feminists
Attitudes are also supported by the media which supports antifeminist backlash and
has implied no further feminist action is needed
Third wave; women who came of age in the 1990s more frequently support feminist
goals and are more politically active to achieve these goals (e.g., abortion rights
activism) than women who came of age in the 1980s
-is said to explicitly embrace hybridity, contradiction, and multiple identities
www.notesolution.com