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SOCB43H3- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 28 pages long!)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB43H3
Professor
Dan Silver
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTSC
SOCB43H3
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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SOCB43 [LEC 01-INTRODUCTION TO PART 2] JAN. 5, 2017
Rationalization
- Weber
- Social authority that gathered around scientists. Was mostly restricted to religious
leaders now went to scientists. Authority to tell the truth.
- Increase in science employment and degrees
- Social organization
o Organize society in a rational way
o Expansion of bureaucracy
o Creates new types of authority, decision making, personalities, pushes away
other types of authority and value
Value of charisma and tradition pushed away.
o Transformation of authority
Differentiation
- Durkheim
- DOL
- Increase in different occupations and tasks
- Not just in work, but specialization beyond economic sphere
o E.g. religio, usic… so a ore deoiatios
- DURKHEIM: what kind of solidarity?
Individualization
- Simmel
- Saw increase in differentiation
- Focused on cities/metropolises
- Struck by how the massive modern metropolis is a new thing in the history of humanity.
Did’t eist till this cetur
- Affects your life and individual experience
- E.g. can move anonymously in a crowd vs. in a small village. In a city you can melt into
the crowd.
- Makes you feel more free. Free from constant observation. On other hand: problems=
sense of boredom, blasé, seen/done everything and not surprised by anything, its all
been seen before
- Lead to expansion of individuality. Think of development of personality as most
important thing to do
- Transformation of cultural experience
o Impossible to develop all parts of self as fully as can be
o E.g. ca’t lear all of art because there is always more.
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tingsSOCB43 [Lec.03] Jan. 19/2017- Weber & Stratification
Stratification:
- PESC
- Spirit of capitalism
- Protestant ethic
- PE SC
Stratification
- Inequality is a feature of the world
- Different groups have different access to power- that’s hat’s ipotat
- Power= ability to get things done. To get other people to do what you want even if they
do’t at to. diffeetial aess to eeise poe.
- Who controls society Marx would say those who control the means of production
- Class, Status, Party.
o Society will be arranged around haves and have nots. Follow the money
o Weber sas that’s ot the hole sto. Thee ae othe as i hih people
have power beyond based on property.
o Unpack the idea of class.
o multi-dimensional
1) variation within property owners. Merchants, homeowners, shop owners.
Iteests of ig lad oes ae’t the sae as people ith ig fiae.
Wont agree and align with each other.
2) variation among the property-less. Employees- people on salary earn money
ut the a et, the ae’t oes of anything. But they can be different
tha the jaito. Aog these people thee ae huge diffeees. Ca’t e
aligned with all the other property-less
3) class interests does not equal class action
a. ee if the hae sae lass iteests, does’t eessail mean you
will act together. Need to come to understand yourselves as in a
common situation. Only happens when a class becomes a community.
E.g. trade unions.
o Status
Placed higher or lower based on status group.
Class based on relationship with production. Status based on relationship
to consumption. Style of life. Perceiving and receiving the world. E.g.
ot e ale to fit ito out lu. Do’t get that though oe
property.
You can have all the property you want, but you would still be considered
low status. Fit into their style of life.
o Party
Power without class or status if you are in a certain institutional position
E.g. being mayor, job in the city.
Your party got voted in so you can make things happen.
You’e i offie so ou deisio attes.
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