SOCB47H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Migrant Domestic Workers, Migrant Worker, Social Inequality

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Published on 4 Jul 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB47H3
Social Inequality
Final Exam Review
(out of 30, 40% of final grade)
Please note: The final exam will resemble the following questions and format. The main
difference will be that there will be fewer choices on the actual exam. Some questions may
be in the same vein, but have different wording (I am trying to make them as clear as
possible).
Part A: Key Concepts (short answers) 4 questions x 5 marks = 20
Grading Criteria
Completeness of the answer: Does the answer address all the elements in the question?
Does the answer show an understanding of idea, argument, or concept being discussed
Ability to illustrate concepts with appropriate examples
Clarity of writing ( the points are made in a coherent manner)
****Only six of the following choices will be on the exam and you will answer four of
them.*****
Identify relevant readings and lecture notes
Write out an appropriate answer
Make sure that you address each part of the question
Make sure that you explain what your example illustrates
Most students will benefit from closer attention to organizing your writing
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1. ****What is reproductive work? How is it connected to gender inequity?
How is it connected to racial inequity?
-Reproductive work refers to such activities including maintaining the household, caring
for adults and children, and the processes of consumption or making ends meet. It is not
given the same validity of ‘true-work’ and so it creates a cycle of inequality.
-It relates to gender inequity because women do more of this work compared to men.
Women spend an average 2 more hours per day doing unpaid work than do men. Access to
paid work is restricted for women which reproduce a cycle of patriarchy.
-Reproductive work is linked to racial inequity in that coloured people do more of this
work. In the international transfer of care work, migrant domestic workers are limited to
reproductive labour while they ease the entrance of other women into the paid labour force.
With the increasing flow of migrant domestic workers, globalization marks a “new world
domestic order”, meaning an unequal division of care labor between the global South and
global North.
-An example of how gender and racial inequities are implicated in reproductive work is
illustrated by nurses trained in Asian nations. Many of these nurses come to western
countries but are limited to jobs as ‘nannies’. As a result, they are deskilled. The Asian
nations support this deskilling so far as they get remittances to boost their economy.
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2. What does it mean to say that disability is a social and political issue,
rather than a biomedical one? Discuss using an example.
-Biomedically, disability relates to some form of deficit of an individual.
-People constituted as disabled in society is a socio-political issue. As Michalko suggests,
society is built on the ideology of a “normative body”. Anyone who doesn’t fit the
description is deemed disabled, abnormal, or bodies, minds and senses ‘gone wrong’.
-For example, Rosemary-Garland discusses how disabled people are socially categorized in
society today. Women’s bodies are considered lacking and represented as frail, weak, or
needing to be fixed. Her other concept is identity and how people come to identify
themselves as disabled due to dominant ideologies, which marginalizes them.
-This is also a political issue as demonstrated throughout history. For example in northern
societies, ideas of white supremacy in the Aryan race of being more beautiful and
intelligent led to such actions as genocide of Jews, gypsies, and others who were seen as
deficient. Another example is the practice of selective types for sterilization of Aboriginals
and African Americans.
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Document Summary

Final exam review (out of 30, 40% of final grade) Please note: the final exam will resemble the following questions and format. The main difference will be that there will be fewer choices on the actual exam. Some questions may be in the same vein, but have different wording (i am trying to make them as clear as possible). ****only six of the following choices will be on the exam and you will answer four of them. Reproductive work refers to such activities including maintaining the household, caring for adults and children, and the processes of consumption or making ends meet. It is not given the same validity of true-work" and so it creates a cycle of inequality. It relates to gender inequity because women do more of this work compared to men. Women spend an average 2 more hours per day doing unpaid work than do men.

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