Nov 9 readings

7 Pages
67 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB22H3
Professor
Ping- Chun Hsiung

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Description
Sociology and Gender Readings Nov 9 Laura Hamilton, Trading on Heterosexuality: College Womens Gender Strategies and Homophobia, homophobia plays a central role in the construction of masculinities term faggot stands in for more than sexual insult: It connotes a failure to be fully masculine The hegemonic form of masculinity thus supports mens dominance over women and other men in subordinated positions because of race, class, or sexuality Homophobia occurs when men try to perform hegemonic masculinities Past research seems to support the association of homophobia with men: For instance, studies often find that women have more positive attitudes toward homosexuality Homophobia may also be central to the development of certain feminine selves but not in the same way as for masculine selves. Because women and men are in different positions with regard to power, womens homophobia may support gendered identities that are most successful in garnering mens approval suggest that heterosexual women may display homophobia against lesbians as they negotiate status in a gender-inegalitarian erotic market GENDER STRATEGIES; TRADING ON HETEROSEXUALITY A gender strategy is a course of action that attempts to solve a problem using the cultural conceptions of gender available to the individual Gender strategies are thus both cognitive and behavioural Premised on gender difference, heterosexuality is one of the key mechanisms through which women and men learn to embody gender. Given womens subordinate position, much of what makes a woman traditionally feminine is her ability and desire to attract a man Women learn to produce feminine bodies and to have desires for men that conform to heterosexual imperatives. Many of the roles from which they gain their identitiessuch as girlfriend, wife, and motherfurther emphasize the centrality of heterosexuality to gender identity while political, cultural, and economic practices benefit hegemonic masculinity, they but subordinate masculinities that eschew heteronormativity. Many of these same practices similarly disadvantage women. femininities that conform to heteronormative ideals of feminine charm and beauty can operate as a form of embodied cultural capital Homophobia can result when women who have embodied capital disassociate themselves from those who do not. Any benefits that women may accrue through homophobia come at a cost: They ultimately reinforce the gendered inequalities that made such a gender strategy necessary Audiences hold people accountable for the types of gender performances that they expect from particular bodies in particular social positions www.notesolution.com
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