Midterm Review Notes.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Konstantine Zakzanis

How is gender hierarchy connected to binary thinking? Explain and illustrate your explanation with an example. -man/woman, mind/body, rationality/emotion, technology/nature, public sphere/private sphere. Gender dualism is not neutral but hierarchal. For example, the portrayal of women is linked to nature. Nature is wild and needs to be tamed and so humanities control and dominate nature just like how men dominate women`s bodies. Men dominate women`s bodies by telling her what to wear even though an attire like a corset is restricting and can be harmful. Men are seen as more rational and believe that the other is underdeveloped and not as logical and hence why they believe themselves to be more superior. So the power they have over women is gender hierarchy. -privilege over other (hierarchal) and superior over other (hierarchal). Women are the other to men and to be human is to be masculine so it leaves femininity as the other. Name,explain,andillustratetwoaspectsofWestandZimmerman’stheory Do in g G en de r. – gender is seen as an emergent feature of society and how to act in social situations. Gender is an accomplishment and a claim to membership in society. performativity – we perform gender according to Hollywood`s norm of what gender might be. We are compelled and we embody gender in a certain way and gender is seen as an achievement, what we strive to be. Performance is purposely doing something but performativity is socially conditioned behaviours to be accepted in society. Like in schools, males are encouraged to be aggressive and play sports whereas girls are encourage to enter beauty pageants and learning how to speak eloquently.The media, workplace, sports competition, education are all institutions, ideas that are seen to produce gender. -West and Zimmerman believe that doing gender is just creating differences for females and males that are not natural or biological but doing gender is to just reinforce the ideal of gender. Males are rewarded for the strengths and athleticism whereas girls are rewarded for their physical appearances and charm. If we were to blindlessly following doing gender then men is also doing dominance over women and women are doing passivity and deference to men. Doing gender just reinforces and sustain the interlocking systems of oppression like patriarchy and hierarchy. -organized sports is an institution for the expression of masculinity and celebrated by all Name three different types of feminisms and how they differ in their approach to the study of gender inequality. -For many feminists, they believe that sex equates physiological differences whereas gender is socially constructed differences. - Liberal : Focus was on equality based approach because it was harder for women to get into public spheres, they are delegated to be homemakers. Fought for human and equal rights in the government, workplace and home etc. Critique – try to treat women and men are equal even when women do not start out at the same position as men when they are born, they are subjugated to societal pressures to be a woman and yet if they fought for equal rights then they might not get maternity leave. If you choose them as equal, you have to choose one path or the other. Focus what on equality rights and opportunities - cultural/radical: Focus on why culture value masculinity rather than femininity. Mothering and childrearing is not the problem, but our culture doesn’t value women enough. Masculine traits are privilege and desired and feminine traits like nurturing and passivity is not. Cultural is patriarchal and oppressive. Where we should value femininity and nurture our culture. Critique is that not all women fit the caregiving paradigm. - Marxist: product of capitalism and the sexual division of labour. Capitalism and patriarchy are intertwined. For example, the nuclear family reproduces this division of labour where women do a lot of unpaid work in the private spheres and men are recognized and paid for their work in the public spheres. Women`s functional role is to reproduce and it benefits capitalism because we need new members to contribute to our economy. Women are seen as docile and sexualize labourers and are always underpaid compare to their gender counterpart which enhances patriarchy. Critique is that is judges all women as the same but never look at micro difference between women like race and sexuality. Explain the view that colonization was a patriarchal and racial project. Illustrate with an example -Colonialism is an empire conquering another empire to exploite their raw resources for their own profits. It is the oppression of one group by another and imposing their culture on them through assimilation. Colonialism is a patriarchal and racist project and the process of conquest is to weaken the other community by imposing their culture on them. For example, when the British came over to Canada, they imposed the system of patriarchy on an otherwise matriarchal society that the Aboriginals had lived by for hundreds of years. Aboriginal women owned lands and had leadership roles and were respected. The women had autonomy and sexual freedom and divorce. The Whites did not like this and imposed their patriarchal values on Aborginals men which weakens the community bond they had for one another. It broken strong ties Aboriginal women and men once had. It undermine the values they once had, and so it undermine their peoples. The aboriginal women did not fit the ideological ideals of femininity because they had too much autonomy which threatened the White`s empire and conquest. -Colonialization through patriarchy, residential schools and the effects are still ongoing. -Aboriginal women seen as either pochontas the noble savage or the drudge who are immoral and socially loose. -Residential schools where girls were sexual abused and taught to be ashame of their bodies, taught to be domestic labourers rather than having an education. Trauma and anxiety was passed down. -Indian Act late 1800s to late 1900s illustrates how women are not supported. Women health affected with more chronic diseases and face multiple oppressions. Bill limits women and their children to pass on their status beyond one generation. Explain the difference between an essentialist and a social constructionist view of gender and illustrate with an example. - Essentialist View believes that men and women are different. Their bodies are different and so these differences attribute to their behaviours. For example, women are more emotional and nurturing because of their hormones and reproductive systems whereas men are more predispose to violence and aggression because of their testosterones. Wh
More Less

Related notes for SOCB22H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.