-Define the three types of sociological theory according to Ashley and Orenstein.
Ashley and Orenstein consider Weber as an “interpretivist’ or “hermeneutical” theorist. Why? ---- How does this differentiate him from
- Are “causation” and “correlation” the same?
- What is a deductive-nomological explanation? Note that it is only possible if general scientific laws already exist. The test of the explanation
tests the theory at the same time.
-How is the relationship of an interpretivist with subjects of her research different from that of a positivist?
-Are positivism and interpretivism mutually exclusive? Why?
2. Positivists believe that knowledge should be instrumental. What does this mean? Give an example of instrumental sociological knowledge.
-Understand basic characteristics of history and philosophy that influenced the development of sociology.
-Understand Plato’s and Aristotle’s opposing views of politics and its potential to approach the truth.
-Define idealism and materialism. Define the concept of the “philosopher king” and understand why Plato thought that a state governed by
philosophers would be better than any other.
-Did Greek philosophers want to influence political life of their societies or not? How did the relationship between philosophy and politics
change later in history?
-What is rhetoric?
-How did Plato see the relationship between truth and opinion? How did Aristotle see that relationship?
-What is the role of philosophers in Plato’s ideal society?
-What are “ideas” in Plato’s philosophy?
1. Aristotle’s principle of the “golden mean” means that:
a) a large middle class is necessary for a stable society
b) average people know best
c) the middle class is the tax base of every society
d) only the middle class knows the truth
e) the middle class resists rhetoric
2. Briefly describe the way political decisions were made in Greek city-states.
-Is there value-free sociology? Why or why not?
-How was the development of sociology in the US after WWII different from its development in Europe?
-How do social evolutionists see social cthnge?
-According to Ashley and Orenstein, 19 c. France favoured a way of solving social problem