Philosophy and politics go way back to the time of the trial and condemnation of Socrates. Persuassion has been used in history
a lot to win political battles, but in the case of Socrates it did not prove to be that strong since he was not able to persuade the
judge of his innocence at the same time it was very effective in the case of Peitho, the Goddess of persuasion.
The spectacle of Socrates submitting his own doxa to the irresponsible opinions of the Athenians, and being outvoted by a
majority, made Plato despise opinions and yearn for absolute standards. Such standards, by which human deeds could be
judged and human thought could achieve some measure of reliability, from then on became the primary impulse of his political
Truth and opinion
The City was not a safe place for a philosopher at that time, since the people did not understand what Socrates was trying to
say and condemn him till the end Plato knew that after his death all of Socrates knowledge will go in waste and his knowledge
could only be saved by thinking within among selves and not following what all the citizens are.
Socrates knowledge was not the same as the knowledge of the Artists and poets of that time he was a philosopher. When Plato
claimed rulership for the philosopher because he alone could behold the idea of the good, the highest of the eternal essences,
he opposed the polls on two grounds: he first claimed that the philosopher's concern with eternal things did not put him at risk
of becoming a good-for-nothing, and, second, he asserted that these eternal things were even more "valuable" than they were
In the old tradition there were two kinds of Gods “The Good and the Beautiful” Plato picked up Good over Beauty and put it up
as the highest place in ideas and thinking. The reason he did this was because beauty is just something which shines but with
Goodness you can make human behaviour change and make human laws as well.
Socrates was the first philosopher not Plato who overstep the line drawn by the governments and high people at that time, his
death is a misunderstanding he never claimed to be a wise man. He always said the wisest of the man is the one who knows
that man cannot be wise.
The Tyrant of truth:
The conflict between the philosopher and the polis had come to a head because Socrates had made new demands on
philosophy precisely because he did not claim to be wise. And it is in this situation that Plato designed his Power of truth, i