Lecture 1 May 5, 2010
*Hannah ardent – explanation for why philosophers tend to stay away from politics int heir
philosophies (do not memorize the Greek terms, unless covered in class).
* midterm – all mcqs Final exam – short answers n essay questions (not cumulative)
Theorists figure out theories as response to issues of their time (marx – capitalism, class, worker, etc.)
Sociology appeared as a scientific field in the early 1900’s 1910 (Durkheim – established the first
department of sociology at some uni in france)
He wanted to unify the French educational system, attend the sam euni without difficulty cause they
would have same previous knowledge. (a student from one town knew as much as a student from
THEORY - Integrated set of concepts and statement about relationships between phenomena
concepts(every theory consists of concepts - family, class, education etc. categorize things together,
linking similar things together in a concept;describe common characteristics all phenomena in diff
places have) degree of social mobility has increased over the last 20 years (class status or socio
economic status) EX: all concepts are phenomena. Every ones family is phenomena, but what they
share that makes them all family is concept.
Phenomena cause and affect. Education becomes the cause of downward social mobility (the
relation between phenomena (something that exists, a concrete events or object that exists in reality,
an occurrence a perceived object (papers or an event (droppin the paper).
Cause and effect (explanation) VS mechanism (explication)
Cause & effect statement about causes of a phenomena. discover causes, why it happens or why it
Mechanism answers how exactly that happen sequence of events. What was the mechanism of
that phenomena (the way in which the causes had influenced the situation so that the event
happened in conclusion. (c) (this in between is the explication) (e)
Causes (parent income) (this is explanation)( education, social network, marriage ) Effect. Those factors are explication. ALL THESE ARE PHENOMENA – PARENTAL
INCOME, SOCIAL MOBILITY, EDUCATION, SOCIAL NETWORK, MARRIAGE, EDUCATION. ETC.
Description just describes phenomena – what exists, what’s happening. not a theory, doesnt say
how or why things happening, only says WHAT is happening. EX Marriage increases risk of homicide
for women and decreases it for men.