SOCB47 – L1 Ch1 Unpacking the Centre.docx

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SOCB47 L1 Ch1 Unpacking the Centre Everyday practices as an important entry point to organization of power Connection between - Everyday practices and the social organization of power - Everyday practices are a part of peoples commonplace and taken for granted activities. - Everyday activities reflect, reproduce and at times challenge power relations - When you choose to not question your everyday practices it means you are reproducing a power structure - When you question it, you are going against the power structure How our gender, race, age, class, the social locations are reflected in our everyday practices? Why are certain practices encouraged or discouraged? Difference between Marxist and Feucodian? Marxist, material ways are organized Feucodian, symbolic ways Who benefits from this way of organizing our everyday lives? Unpacking the Centre: How to approach the study of power? - Study the center, not the deviant or marginal o Most books study the deviant of social inequality not the centre o We should study white not the deviants o Most study the poor as opposed to the wealthy o Youre not questioning the power, youre asking why the others are excluded o What is it that grants privilege to whiteness? o Can focus on heterosexuality and homosexuality - Focus on patterns of social inequality not just stratification o Focusing on the relationship that produce and maintain the stratification of power o One group that looks at stratification They look at the pyramid distribution of control, money example o One group looks at social inequality Relationship stratification of power structure, political example - Explore the taken for granted features of dominant forms of social organization o Positions of social advantage o See the world through that social location o Figuring out the stuff that is unmarked and unnamed o - Locate yourself vis--vis the centre o Over the course of our lives our social location can change o Its dynamic because were not robots o We think about who we are o Over time we might question forms of privilege that we own, or disadvantages How to think about power - Power can be associated with visible coercion o Ability to force people to do something - Power the ability of a person, group, organization, discourse, etc. to put into place the definition of a situation o Ability to define situations for us, that person is a criminal o Education - Power is also the ability to define morality; the creation of ideals which people and organizations then endeavored to achieve o Socialized to aspire to certain things o When you fail, you decide that the failings are yours Approach to power in socb47 Marx: power stems from control over economic resources (material production) - Economic resources -> Capitalists class o Working class Our wealth comes from our labour Foucault: power comes through processes of normalization (discourses, ways of seeing that name deviant and normal) Stuart Hall: power through links between material production and discourses of normalization SOCB47 L2 Ch2 Thinking about Centre Modernism & Postmodernism Modernism Postmodernism Social and political context Enlightenment, that God is 1960s 1970s responsible for creation, Anticolonial struggles That we can produce Anti racism struggles knowledge Challenges come from many different groups, social locations Women, gays and lesbians Concept of truth There is a single truth There is no single core Idea that science is truth that can apply to all objective people Concept of history Single way of history There is no single grand One logic to human narrative of history history that includes all of Different events for us different groups Reject grand narratives, and doesnt replace it with a different grand narrative Method, how to do Scientific explanation, we Subjugated knowledges research can measure and - Hidden stories understand the human Qualitative research behavior We can measure the behavior of it all with a single truth. Marx, modernist thinker Philosopher Historical materialism Believes in the single grand truth Only one way of history, unilateral. All of us fit into it Research through the history of our production Power as control over resources Historical materialism, a theory and methodology Social structures, relations and change can only be understood in relation to historical material conditions Two axioms as basis of Marxs approach to power History has a constant truth Focus on materialism, to understand social organization How we organize production and consumption
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