socio fam quiz2 Stay at home fathers.docx

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Ping- Chun Hsiung

Stay at home fathers Qualitative research project,70 stay at home fathers - Explores ways that work, family interact for fathers who trade cash for care - Fathers at home but remain connected to traditional masculinity sources of identity - Such as paid work take on unpaid masculine self provisioning work at home and community that builds traditional male interest - Complex sets of relations b/w home ,paid/unpaid work/community work/own self sense of masc. - Long shadow of hegemonic masculinity that hangs over men and pointing to resistance and change - Critique male time and market capitialism to work and care. - Adam: no status at all when you don’t have work as a man? - Adam, a 42-year-old man living in rural Ontario, was a stay-at-home father of three children for a decade - immediately let know that he also fixed cars while he cared for his young son and daughter - made a link between caring and repairing cars, all of the fathers' narratives were peppered with references to varied configurations of paid and unpaid work 3 key arguments: - 1. First, fathers retain very close links to paid work even when they have temporarily or permanently left a career to care for children. 2. where fathers have given up a formal investment in the full-time labor force, many replace employment with "self-provisioning" that allows them to contribute economically to the household economy as well as to display masculine practices, both to themselves and their wider community. 3. stay-at-home fathers' narratives of emergent and generative practices of caring represent a slow process of critical resistance as they begin to critique concepts of "male time"and market capitalism approaches to work and care - stay-at-home fathers create new forms of masculinity that, while enacted against a weighty backdrop of hegemonic masculinity, nevertheless incorporate varied aspects of femininities - paper is rooted in principles of symbolic interactionism and by a rich tradition of family research that employs such principles - rooted in fatherhood and gender divisions of domestic labor - work on fathering is also heavily influenced by theoretical literature on men and masculinities. Five points - 1. masculinities and femininities remain theoretically useful concepts to assist us with making sense of understanding gender relations as well as "gender ambiguity - 2. there are a plurality of masculinities, meaning of masculinities differ across and within settings, at the level of practice, varied kinds of relations between different kinds of masculinities - 3. masculinities are not essences but occur in social relations where issues of power and difference are at play and where masculinities exist at both the level of agency and structure - 4. distinction between men and masculinities in that "sometimes masculine conduct or masculine identity goes together with a female body" and, similarly, it is also "very common for a (biological) man to have elements of feminine identity, desire and patterns of conduct" - 5. hegemonic masculinity" traditionally most desired form of Masc. qualities of "being strong, successful, capable, reliable, in control. That is (t)he hegemonic definition of manhood is a man in power, a man with power, and a man of power" opposite of femininity - Other forms then are subordinated (eg. Gay), marginalized (eg. Exploited minorities) and complicit masc (eg. Partrtiarchal dividend) Method of study: gain a sense of how fathering and mothering were changing against shifting social and economic landscapes - central case study of men who self-define as primary caregivers 40 single fathers, 58 stay at home fathers, 12 single stay at home fathers - fathers who participated in the study saw themselves as primary or shared primary caregivers of children, and 70 fathers were identified as stay-at-home fathers on the basis of their leaving full- time work for a period of a year or more or through arranging their part-time or flexible working around their childcare responsibilities. - wide sampling strategy; fathers were recruited through schools, community centers ads etc - snowballing - 12 fathers achieive finanacial profess success and want break from work seeked to move in another line of work once children were in school - Relation to these fathers is that they allacheieved career goal and looked for other forms of fulfillment one was caregiving alternative work leisure -
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