Ch 3 of Deviance and Social Control, By Linda Deutschmann. Very helpful.

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Joe Hermer

Chapter 3 J Prescientific Approaches to Deviance N Prescientific Period: before the great transition to rationalism and science (the Englightenment) in the th late 17 century N Myths: the earliest sacred stories illustrated the character of deviance and warned ppl about the consequences of excessive control deviance PAST AND PRESENT REPRESENTATIONS OF DEVIANCE Myths, Parables, and Stores N Before the Enlightenment brought science, rationality and a bound reality, ppl understood life in terms of myths, folklore, parables, and stores J described experiences and explained them in a nonscientific way N Ethical msg of every major religion is supported by collections of historical or mythical tales which various kinds of offences agains powers of creations happen N Deviants are expelled from the garden, turned into pillars of salt or condemned to perform external tasks N Temptation and its consequences are central to many stories of this kind (Eve and the apple) N Secular or magical stores also reinforce cultural images of deviance and control o Little girl plays w matches, her dress catches fire and soon all that remains of her is a pile of ashes, 2 shoes N ,L}Z Z]oL[ZZ}]Z ]}LoZ~}Z} ]}o7o]o]]L2Z}} N These stories conform to the common cultural practice of warning and admonishing to induce polite language, table manners, cooperation, modesty, responsibility Trickster Legends N Most of our secular takes ambivalent about deviance J they do not regard it as unconditionally bad N The deviant character is frequently more likable and sympathetic than characters who teach and correct N This ambivalence is reflected in the cultural trickster J smart little guy outwits the stupid, boring authorities N Everything the trickster does is permeated w laughter, irony, wit J and deviance, also a god that is not above us all but rather immanent in life itself and the community N Trickster takes many forms J usually masculine b
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