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SOCB58 Review

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Aristotle:  The good life obsessed with secondary aspects of truth and not truth itself  Aristotle says the top three things for happiness are a) good relationships, followed by good health and then the third is good work; he says happiness is the foundation for everything  Entelechy; everything has an actuality and potentiality, the potentiality goes to actuality  Final aim is not a means to any other end but an end in itself; There’s a final we think, and an actual final! The ultimate final, once you have reached it, you don’t need anything else; once you’ve understood what something is truthfully, you’ve reached the end Epicurus:  Pleasure is pain and vice versa both need to exist for an objective meaning  Delayed gratification throughout lifetime, but we get pleasures from simplest things  The way we interpret things can be considered painful or pleasurable; some people argue this is what we are doing anyway, everyone’s different perspectives Carnegie:  Workers and owners lose connection to each other, and a class system kicks in, splitting people up; he feels human society loses homogeneity and feels this is inevitable  Classes are inevitable because of capitalism; we are talking about the survival of the fittest going to the top and the rest of the people sink  He says people in lower classes are at fault for their situation, they should work harder to move up; a critique of this is people do not start at equal ground, race, ethnicity and gender all influence social mobility Chadwick:  A person is never to be treated as a means to someone else’s ends; someone with free will, decision making power, and rationality should not be treated as an object, but what about people who don’t meet these characteristics? (old and young, animals)  Kant says we shouldn’t sell body parts because of Universalization of morality, most people would find something wrong with this  Kant says intention is more important than result, and the best way to measure someone’s intention is if they’re an altruist; but problem is we don’t know if we’re altruist because many people don’t even understand their own behavior  The thesis of the article is Chadwick will argue that it is immoral to sell yourself your body parts, because it is selling yourself; but some argue isn’t it selfish not to give away a body part for a family member in need?  The problem is once you sell a body part there’s no limit on how many you can sell  No such thing as me vs. my body, we’re all embodied  Selling organs vs. donating organs; if you sell it for money it is wrong, but if you do it voluntary, you are a hero Tadd:  He says it’s okay under some circumstances to se
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