SOCC40H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Anomie, Reference Group, Logical Consequence

188 views26 pages
Published on 28 Oct 2013
School
Department
Course
Professor
socc40 9/30/2013 11:07:00 AM
Lec #1
Social changes that made them rethink mid-20th century
1. warfare: the ability of people to kill people grew with the development
of military and weapons
2. science: massive increase of funding and labour force; heightened
social status and increased number of scientists.
3. professions: the increase of white collar professions, the emergence of
the management class as opposed to the old antagonistic relationship
between the proletariat vs. bourgeoisie
4. mass consumption: the influence of Hollywood and advertisement to
consume in a uniform way. The emergence of scientific management,
mass manufacturing.
5. civil right & feminism: family structure change from nuclear family to
working women. More autonomy in women as their participation in the
labour force has increased, coupled with abortion becoming an option.
6. counter culture: hippie movement
lec #2
Life
Action frame of reference
Unit of sociology
Pattern variables
Theory of action
- concepts that allow us to treat people specifically, but not god or rocks.
-god: idealism vs. rock: materialism
action frame of reference
-frame: select some explicit focal point
- reference: with reference to other people, and people only. Just like
physicist refers to quantum theory as background information and biology
draw reference from organism, human action should have some grand
theory to go back to.
An analogy would be a certain perspective is shaped by the frame from
which you look from. The frame shapes what you are seeing.
Residual category
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
-logical consequence of using theory,
-some concepts will always be left out of the theory, given the limited
scope of the theory it can apply to.
- ex: we do not have categories for goals, desires, human action,
however they are everyday concepts that surround our daily life
- these are then called residual, unidentified action
unit act:
main elements of an action:
1: conditions
-circumstances or factors affecting the way to do something
-condition are realities we have to meet: for example, in order to get in
graduate school one has to meet the condition of getting a 3.8 GPA.
2. means
-tools/ways to achieve a goal
3. goals/ends
-determines what you do
-no goal, no action
4. norms
-regulate goals and means
-criteria to select the legitimate goals and the way to achieve it
5. effort
- appropriate action done to achieve the goal
- energy invested and utilized to excel the means
origins of unit acts
1. conditions from positivism
- scientific facts as the only acceptable way
- why people do things with reference to only their conditions
heredity: biological inherited condition ex: aggressive gene so
you punch people
environment: conditions you grew up in. ex: abusive family
therefore violent personality
2+3. Means + goals = utilitarian way of theorizing action
- dominant way to think
- economistic
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- exogenous: only aim to achieve certain goals with finite resources
and time in a rational way without giving consideration in norms and
effort
- it is simple, powerful, critical and direct in a calculating manner
however, how did these goals come from?
-why did the goals originate?
1. neglects norm
ex: defend family order, makes sense of human’s action to
achieve these goals. Or there were no social norms to indicate
that money is good, no one would undertake actions to
accumulate wealth
2. problem of order
social order restricts actions, if it everyone merely focuses on the
most effective way to get to the goal, then a vast amount of
people would resort to getting a gun to rob the bank in order to
get rich in one night. Therefore it is social order such as policing
and law institution that restricts the goals and means in an unit
act.
Idealism: norms only
- ones value affect ones action: a person initiate a fight because the other
person insults their family name and it is not tolerable due to subscription
to the family honour system.
- however norms itself are not enough to constitue an action, otherwise it
would be emanationist, meaning that everything derives from a God
being.
Effort is the final key component that maintains norms and motivation.
Pattern variable: major pattern that regulate our interaction with one
another depending on the situation.
1: affective vs. affectively neutral
affective: immediate gratification ex: cultivate personal character,
immediate pleasure
affectively-netural: a mean to get something later ex: you study first and
then get a job which lead you to money thus enjoyment, therefore the
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 26 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The emergence of scientific management, mass manufacturing: civil right & feminism: family structure change from nuclear family to working women. More autonomy in women as their participation in the labour force has increased, coupled with abortion becoming an option: counter culture: hippie movement lec #2. Concepts that allow us to treat people specifically, but not god or rocks. God: idealism vs. rock: materialism action frame of reference. Reference: with reference to other people, and people only. Just like physicist refers to quantum theory as background information and biology draw reference from organism, human action should have some grand theory to go back to. An analogy would be a certain perspective is shaped by the frame from which you look from. Some concepts will always be left out of the theory, given the limited scope of the theory it can apply to.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.