SOCC40H3 Study Guide - Centre-Right Politics, Red Tory, Msat

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Published on 9 Aug 2012
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DURKHEIM’S FUNCTIONALISM
1. DURKHEIM’S INFLUENCE
(a) DURKHEIM’S FUNCTIONAL ORIGINS
2. DURKHEIM ON SOCIETY
(a) THE PROPERTIES OF SOCIETY
(b) DURKHEIM ON SOCIAL CHANGE
(i) MECHANICAL SOLIDARITY
(ii) ORGANIC SOLIDARITY
(iii) HUMAN NATURE AND SUICIDE
3. SOCIETY AND INDIVIDUAL
Like society, dislike individual
(a) PERSONALITY AND ANOMIE
4. DURKHEIM ON INSTITUTIONS
Lost the ability to integrate into modern institution
(a) RELIGION
We live in a secular world so it is no longer viable
USA most religious country in the world
(b) EDUCATION
Used to be controlled by religion
Ideological battleground
(c) FAMILY
Family can no longer integrate, used to be a production unit
No longer produces, families work in the labor market
We spend less time in the family
Family controlled your income and survival
Socialization used to be controlled by the family, no longer the
case
(d) ECONOMY
Lost ability to integrate
Most of our adult lives take place in the economy
Economy = production, distribution, consumption
Used to be family supervision
Separation of the family and the production
Production and society works without moral regulation
Used to be controlled with “just price”, enforced by
Catholic churches
Landlords cannot despoil peasants
Economy is ruled by raw egoism
Conflict, economy breeds conflict between the capitalists and
economists, capital and labor
Economic strike infects other institutions
Capitalists say it’s a “dog eat dog” world
Adam Smith -> supply and demand, greed of the individualism
helps to the greater good, it improves the standard of living of
us all
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Left wing are hostile to capitalism, but they loathe
functionalism
Left
Middle
Right
NPD
DEMS
BIG GOVERNMENT
- Regulation taxes
- Deficit financing
- Collectivism
->Social forces
Implies that most
sociologists are Leftists
LIBERALS
INDEPENDENT
CONSERVATIVES
REPUBLICANS
SMALL GOVERNMENT
- Small regulations
- Small taxes
- Balanced budgets
- Individualism
(e) POLITY
Used to be governed by religion, monarchy
Toleration act 1688 made it separate from religion
Politics is more compatible with social engineering
Comte and Durkheim are social engineers,
If there are a lot of suicides, they want to engineer social
solidarity to reduce suicide rates
5. HIS SOCIOLOGY OF MORALITY
Nature of morality will always differ, but morality everywhere aims at
the same ends
Mechanical morality aims at traditional
Organic morality aims at modern
Individualism is dysfunctional
Collectivism is functional
Durkheim: what is good cannot be distinguished
Occupational associations
Professional groups have a code of ethics
Always have the best interest of the patient or client in mind
Progressive conservatism is an oxymoron, because they are leftist
Red Tories come out of this tradition
(a) THE FUNCTIONS OF MORALITY
(b) GOOD, BAD AND FUNCTIONALITY
STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM: PARSONS’ GRAND THEORY
1. INTRODUCTION
Consensus also means totalitarianism
Shared norms and values
People from all social classes have same social values
Conflict theory signifies dominance of one group over the other
Sudden disruptive social change
Influenced by bourgeois tendencies
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Document Summary

(b) durkheim on social change (i) mechanical solidarity (ii) organic solidarity (iii) human nature and suicide: 3. Lost the ability to integrate into modern institution. (a) religion: we live in a secular world so it is no longer viable, usa most religious country in the world. (b) education: used to be controlled by religion. Individualism: used to be governed by religion, monarchy, toleration act 1688 made it separate from religion, politics is more compatible with social engineering, comte and durkheim are social engineers, If there are a lot of suicides, they want to engineer social solidarity to reduce suicide rates: 5. Nature of morality will always differ, but morality everywhere aims at the same ends. Durkheim: what is good cannot be distinguished. Occupational associations: professional groups have a code of ethics, always have the best interest of the patient or client in mind. Progressive conservatism is an oxymoron, because they are leftist: red tories come out of this tradition.

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